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Smartnet acts as a repository of key reference material like reports, guidelines, model documents, case studies and research on topics relevant to the urban sector. The Smartnet Library has been catalogued based on sectors, sub-sectors and types of documents.
The Library can also be searched using the Advanced Search option for Document Titles, Authors / Organisations and Keywords.

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  • Report
    Potential impact of COVID-19 on the Indian sanitation ecosystem. KPMG India, 2020.

    COVID-19 has infected nearly 2.5 million people in more than 210 countries.2 Beyond the human tragedy, this pandemic has also ravaged the entire world economy. Human and economic cost is likely to be more significant for lower and middle-income countries, that generally have limited coverage and...

  • Water, sanitation, hygiene and waste management for the COVID-19 virus

    In late 2019, an acute respiratory disease emerged, known as novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The pathogen responsible for COVID-19 is severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, also referred to as the COVID-19 virus), a member of the coronavirus family. In response...

  • Circular Economy: An Introduction

    Our global society is not sustainable. We all know about the challenges we’re facing: waste, climate change, resource scarcity, loss of biodiversity. At the same time, we want to sustain our economies and offer opportunities for a growing world population. This course is about providing...

  • Shivalik Nagar Case Study
    Solid Waste Management Programme in Shivalik Nagar, Haridwar. Indian Tobacco Company (ITC), 2018.

    This is a case study of Shivalik Nagar near Haridwar, a CSR (ITC) supported Solid Waste Management initiative, this initiative that proper initiative to convert the various categories segregated at source into useful products like compost etc., ensures a very high percentage of segregation at...

  • PMC waste
    Wealth From Waste. Pune Municipal Corporation, 2018.

    This Brochure gives an overview of the waste management initiatives of Pune.

  • Pune SCM
    Smart Cities Mission: Pune, Projects For Launch. Pune Municipal Corporation, 2018.

    This brochure is gives an overvies of the projects planned under Smart Cities Mission in Pune.

  • Moving towards zero waste: Lessons for India from sustainable waste management in Swedish Universities

    In this article the author discusses the best practices followed by Stockholm University with regard to waste management in campus and why it is a role model to various universities in developing countries like India. The article outlines how Universities in India can take a leaf out of the...

  • VTMS - Indore
    GPS-Based Vehicle Tracking and Monitoring System (VTMS) for SWM - Indore In India Smart Cities: Success Stories from Mission Cities. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2017.

    To ensure efficient Solid Waste Management a GPS based Vehicle Tracking
    and Monitoring System (VTMS) has been taken up as a significant step
    recently. The key features of the project are:
    • Online real-time monitoring of garbage vehicle movement and effective

  • Garbage Collection and Management - Jabalpur
    Garbage Collection and Management - Jabalpur In India Smart Cities: Success Stories from Mission Cities. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2017.

    Jabalpur Municipal Corporation (JMC) has initiated a Garbage Collection and Management system to ensure optimal collection, transportation and processing/ disposal of waste.

  • Innovation for Smart Solutions
    Office Memorandum: Promoting Innovative Smart Solutions Under Smart Cities Mission, Amrut And Swachh Bharat Mission. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2017.

    The Ministry of Urban Development has launched a scheme for “Promoting Innovative Smart Solutions under Smart Cities Mission, AMRUT and Swachh Bharat Mission”. The scheme will provide funding support for industry-sponsored, outcome-oriented projects focused around the needs of ULBs under the...

  • Advisory No 7 ICT in Smart Infrastructure
    Advisory No. 7: Role of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in the Development of Smart Infrastructure. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2017.

    Based on the advice of Department of Telecommunications (DoT), the Ministry of Urban Development under the Smart Cities Mission has issued the following advisory for consiering while planning and creating Smart Infrastructure.

  • Innovation for Smart Solutions
    Promoting Innovative Smart Solutions Under Smart Cities Mission, AMRUT and Swachh Bharat Mission. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2017.

    The Smart Cities Mission (SCM) of the Government of India, promotes cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions. Such Smart Solutions include ICT interventions for e-governance...

  • Waste Management
    Waste sorting plants Extracting value from waste. International Solid Waste Association (ISWA), 2017.

    The report is an introduction to waste sorting plants. It describes the framework conditions influencing the sorting plant (economically and technically), their technical configuration, and capabilities that should be considered when setting a planning process in motion. The report aims to...

  • Bulk waste generator
    Bulk Solid Waste Generators. A Step by Step Guidance for Urban Local Bodies to implement the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2017.

    Bulk generators contribute substantial amount of waste-nearly 30-40% of the daily waste. According to the Solid Waste Management Rules 2016, Bulk Waste Generators are responsible for managing their own waste. Municipalities have to identify different bulk generators in accordance as defined in...

  • Zero waste Europe
    My Zero Waste Event In 12 Actions To Start A Zero Waste Process. Zero Waste Europe, 2017.

    A zero-waste event is designed to reduce or even eliminate the production of waste and limit the use of raw materials, through different areas of action: Reducing waste at source (because the best waste is still one that isn't there!), reuse, recovery, recycling and composting

  • GAIA
    Green businesses and cities at risk: How your waste management plan may be leading you in the wrong direction. GAIA, 2017.

    Businesses that attempt to meet sustainability goals through programs like “waste-to-energy,” “zero waste to landfill,” or “refuse derived fuel” undermine their own intentions by burning up valuable resources in polluting processes. The practice of burning waste using co-incineration in cement...

  • E-waste
    The Global E-waste Monitor 2017. International Solid Waste Association (ISWA), 2017.

    We live in a time of transition to a more digital world, where automation, sensors and artificial intelligence are transforming all the industries, our daily lives and our societies. E-waste is the most emblematic by-product of this transition and everything shows that it will continue to grow...

  • funding toilets
    Sanitation in the circular economy: Transformation to a commercially valuable, self-sustaining, biological system. Geneva, Switzerland: The Toilet Board Coalition (TCB), 2016.

    The TBC is a business-led coalition sharing a common vision to accelerate the pace of change to achieve universal access to sanitation. TBC works at the systems level to co-create the necessary ecosystem to support sanitation businesses to scale with promising businesses in low-income markets...

  • Smart Sewerage
    Smart Sewerage: Guideline No. 2.4 (iii)., 2016.

    Guideline No. 2.4 (iii) provides for sanitation as a core element of a Smart City. The key features of a performance based management contract for a Smart Sewerage System are given.

    View the document at: ...

  • C40 Sustainable Solid Waste Systems
    Good Practice Guide - Sustainable Solid Waste Systems. London: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, 2016.

    Solid waste management must be planned, developed and operated within the framework of local resource availability, economics and environmental concerns. Municipal solid waste management strategies can both provide effective mitigation of GHG emissions through landfill gas recovery and improved...

  • Report on SWM Odisha ULB
    Report on Solid Waste Management in the Urban Local Bodies in Odisha., 2016.

    Management of solid waste reduces or eliminates adverse impacts on the environment and human health and supports economic development and improved quality of life. A number of processes are involved in effectively managing waste for a municipality. These include source-segregation, door-to-door...

  • Cleaning Singapore
    Cleaning a Nation: Cultivating a Healthy Living Environment In Urban Systems Studies. Singapore: Centre for Liveable Cities, 2016.

    The story often told about the cleaning and greening of Singapore is that it was done mainly for the purpose of attracting international business and investments. In the city-state’s early days as a newly independent country in the late 1960s, Singapore’s rapid industrialisation and economic...

  • Sanitation_digitisation
    Toilet Board Coalition. The Digitisation of Sanitation: Transformation to smart, scalable and aspirational sanitation for all. Geneva, Switzerland: The Toilet Board Coalition (TCB), 2016.

    In 2016 the Toilet Board Coalition ran a Feasibility Study to explore the potential role of mobile and digital applications to drive efficiencies and consumer demand in sanitation business models operating in low-income markets. The following questions were at the centre of the inquiry:


  • Smart Cities Council
    Smart Cities India Readiness Guide. Smart Cities Council, 2016.

    The India Readiness Guide has over 400 pages and total of fourteen chapters. There are more than 80 relevant case studies, with half of them focusing on the Indian context as well as some providing a global perspective. Case studies cited include those from Pune, Delhi, Kolkata, Surat, Jabalpur...

  • Including informal sector in Waste
    An Inclusive Swachh Bharat through the Integration of the Informal Recycling Sector: A Step by Step Guide. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India, 2016.

    The intended audience for this manual is practitioners and decision-makers from municipalities and ULBs who are charged with running waste management systems and are interested in improving Chapter 1: Purpose and scope 16 Picture 2: Once shy, now brimming with confidence these systems by...

  • Waste to energy
    World Energy Resources, Waste to Energy. World Energy Council, 2016.

    The World Energy Resources have been produced by the World Energy Council for over 80 years. The details and analysis provide a unique data set that allows governments, private sector and academia to better understand the reality of the energy sector and the resource developments. The...

  • C40 Cities
    C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group. Good Practice Guide: Waste to Resources. C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, 2016.

    Municipal solid waste management strategies can both provide effective mitigation of GHG emissions through landfill gas recovery and improved landfill practices, and can avoid significant GHG generation through controlled composting, integrated waste treatment facilities, and expanded collection...

  • Contructiona nd Demolition waste
    Vunnam, Venkatesh, Mohd. Sahil Ali, Abhimanyu Singh, and Jai Asundi. Construction and Demolition Waste Utilisation for Recycled Products in Bengaluru: Challenges and Prospects. Center for Study of Science, Technology & Policy (CSTEP), 2016.

    India is currently one of the fastest-growing economies in the world and the construction industry alone accounted for approximately 10% of its GDP in 2014. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) classifies waste generated from the Construction and Demolition (C&D) of buildings and civil...

  • Action Plan for MSW Management
    Action Plan for management of Municipal Solid Waste (Draft). New Delhi, India: Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), 2015.

    It has been a fact that cities and towns are littered with garbage (MSW) and giving ugly look at many places in the city / town. Only important locations of a city or towns are maintained and leaving many other places chocking with uncollected waste. The collected waste is disposed on un-...

  • Urban Solid Waste Management
    Urban Solid Waste Management In Compendium of Global Good Practices. New Delhi: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2015.

    This documentation targets the limitations and challenges of contemporary solid waste management mechanisms in developing contexts, namely:

    1. Low financial resources at municipal level for waste management and technological research;

    2. Improper disposal of waste leading to...

  • Urban Solid Waste Management in Indian Cities
    Urban Solid Waste Management in Indian Cities In Compendium of Good Practices. New Delhi: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2015.

    Urban areas in India generate more than 1,00,000 MT of waste per day (CPHEEO, 2000). A large metropolis such as Mumbai generates about 7000 MT of waste per day (MCGM, 2014), Bangalore generates about 5000 MT (BBMP, 2014) and other large cities such as Pune and Ahmedabad generate waste in the...

  • Readiness report Smart City Council
    Smart Cities Readiness Guide. Smart Cities Council, 2015.

    This document was assembled with input from many of the world’s leading smart city practitioners – the members and advisors of the Smart Cities Council. It will help you create a vision for the future of your own city. Equally important, it will help you build an action plan to get to that...

  • Solid waste technology_Ecube
    ECube labs: Case Study City of Seoul. Ecube Labs, 2015.

    Seoul’s problem with seemingly constantly overflowing public trash bins seemed insurmountable no matter how many times waste was collected during the day. The solution the city government chose was Clean Cubes from Council Associate Partner...

  • Guidelines for Swachh Bharat Mission
    Guidelines for Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM). New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India, 2014.

    The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) emanates from the vision of the Government articulated in the address of The President of India in his address to the Joint Session of Parliament on 9th June 2014: “We must not tolerate the indignity of homes without toilets and public spaces littered with...

  • Biogas bottling
    The first Biogas Bottling Plant towards commercialization in India – A success story. New Delhi, India: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India, 2013.

    Under technology demonstration of new RDD&D Policy of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), the Ministry took up a new initiative for bottling of biogas to demonstrate an Integrated Technology - package in entrepreneurial mode on medium size mixed feed biogas-fertilizer plants (BGFP)...

  • Zero waste case study LA
    Murphy, Sinnott, and Stephanie Pincetl. Zero waste in Los Angeles: Is the emperor wearing any clothes?. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2013.

    This article asks how effectively and to what extent contemporary urban solid waste management systems can effect sustainable materials use. To assess this we first trace the origins of waste management in the U.S., identify the existing federal regulatory framework, and examine trends in waste...

  • Bangalore Swachh Bharat
    Strategy for Clean Bengaluru In A Comprehensive Approach to Solid Waste Management. Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike, 2012.

    Since 2012 we have aimed to transform the once prevalent SWM system of dumping mixed waste (landfill), into stream-wise value extraction (processing). Therefore in compliance with MSW Rules 2016 (which mandates segregation at source), the city has invested in varied technologies for processing...

  • Small scale waste to Energy
    Ellyin, Claudine. Small Scale Waste-To-Energy Technologies, Edited by Prof. Nickolas J. Themelis. Columbia University, 2012.

    The dominant technology for large Waste-to-Energy (WTE) facilities is combustion on a moving grate of “as-received” municipal solid wastes (MSW). However, there are circumstances where a low-capacity plant is required. This study examines the technical, economic, and  environmental aspects of...

  • TERI NAsscom Energy ICT
    Sustainable Tomorrow: Harnessing ICT PotentialRapid., 2011.

    TERI and Nasscom worked jointly to develop this Whitepaper with recommendations put forth by over 70 industry members and government stakeholders. The initiative seeks to promote the role of ICT in enabling Indi's actions on Climate Change ans sustainable Development.

    The TERI-NASSCOM led...

  • SWM_technology
    Solid Waste Management Technology Manual. Thiruvananthapuram : Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2011.

    The Technology Manual on SWM is mainly to provide technology information to decision makers, planners and senior level officers to take scientific decision on the choice and selection of technology, technical information during implementation and to monitor the process of SWM form time to time....

  • capacity Building for SWM
    Capacity Building for Solid Waste Management. Thiruvananthapuram : Centre for Environment and Development, 2011.

    The approach to capacity building in SWM should be not only about technology and economics but also about: Understanding the administration systems for waste management and related activities (multidisciplinary and cross-sectoral). Understanding the need for human resource development to achieve...

  • Zero waste case studies
    Zaman, Atiq Uz, and Steffen Lehmann. Urban growth and waste management optimization towards ‘zero waste city’. City, Culture and Society, 2011.

    Today, many developed cities such as Stockholm, and Adelaide are aiming to transform their current waste management practice into a more efficient and sustainable way, called zero waste practice. Increasingly people move from rural to urban environments due to the economic activities and quality...