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Smartnet acts as a repository of key reference material like reports, guidelines, model documents, case studies and research on topics relevant to the urban sector. The Smartnet Library has been catalogued based on sectors, sub-sectors and types of documents.
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  • Cover
    COVID Diaries: A Collection of Reflections during the Pandemic. New Delhi: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2020.

    COVID Diaries is a collection of opinion articles from members of the Smart Cities Mission national team as they navigate changes in their daily life and work routines during the Covid 19 lockdown period. The lockdown has been a time of challenges ranging from a sliding global economy, stalled...

  • Pune Smart City brochure
    Reimagining Pune. Pune Municipal Corporation, 2018.

    This brochure is  gives a overview of the initiatives that are planned to be undertaken in Pune under the Smart Cities Mission.

  • E- rickshaw
    Assessment of the E-Rickshaw Operations in Siliguri, West Bengal. CapaCITIES, 2018.

    The report presents the summary of e-rickshaw operations in Siliguri. The main aim of the assessment is to analyze the present scenario and identify the technical, operational and legal issues pertaining to the e-rickshaw operations in Siliguri. The assessment will assist decision makers in...

  • Udaipur
    E-Rickshaw Pilot Assessment for Udaipur, Rajasthan. CapaCITIES, 2018.

    The public transport and IPT sector provides the easiest opportunity to accelerate the shift towards electric mobility. Currently, India has one of the highest percentages of public transport use in the world, averaging to almost 25% (excluding non-motorized transport) across major cities....

  • E-rickshaw Delhi
    Assessment of the E-rickshaw operations in Delhi. CapaCITIES, 2018.

    The report comprises of a assessment of e-rickshaw operations in Delhi. The assessment includes operations of the e-rickshaws in Delhi. The report will enable decision makers in overcoming the lack of information related to electric mobility and identifying the various barriers,in an effort to...

  • Bus Innovation: Vadodara

    This video shows how the city of Vadodara has augmented the public transport through investing in buses equipped with new age technology. 

  • Global Mobility Report 2017
    Global Mobility Report 2017: Tracking Sector Performance. Washington, DC: Sustainable Mobility for All, 2017.

    The Global Mobility Report is the first-ever study to assess the global performance of the transport sector and the progress made toward four main objectives: universal access, efficiency, safety, and green mobility. The publication covers all modes of transport, including road, air, waterborne...

  • Sustainable Mobility guidebook
    Sudhakaran, Saritha, Madhav Pai, Lakshmi Rajagopalan, Anjali Mahendra, and Jaya Dhindaw. Encouraging Design Practices for Sustainable Mobility in Indian Townships: A Guidebook. World Resources Institute, India, 2017.

    Encouraging Design Practices for Sustainable Mobility in Indian Townships: A Guidebook, is WRI India’s publication that highlights the role of urban design interventions that can be applied in townships or gated communities in cities, that promote the use of sustainable modes such as walking,...

  • Smart City Challenge Lessons Learnt
    Smart Cities Challenge: Lessons for Building Cities of the Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, 2017.

    In December 2015, the U. S. Department of Transportation launched the Smart City Challenge, asking mid-sized cities across America to develop ideas for an integrated, first-of-its-kind smart transportation system that would use data, applications, and technology to help people and goods move...

  • women and transport
    Shah, Sonal, Kalpana Viswanath, Sonali Vyas, and Shreya Gadepalli. Women And Transport In Indian Cities. New Delhi, India: Institute for Transport and Development Policy (ITDP), 2017.

    “Ultimately, transportation is the fulcrum that allows women to participate in the workforce; a societal shift to transform the entire world economy.” – Sonal Shah, Senior Manager, ITDP India Programme 

    Centred around this idea, ITDP and Safetipin have released a policy brief on...

  • Transport and Sharing
    Fulton, Lew, Jacob Mason, and Dominique Meroux. Three Revolutions in Urban Transportation. Institute for Transport and Development Policy (ITDP), 2017.

    There can be an 80% cut in CO2 emissions if cities embrace 3 revolutions (3R) in vehicle technology: automation, electrification, and, most importantly, ride sharing.  This report examines analysis from ITDP and UC Davis showing how 3R synergy provides 40% reduction in urban vehicle...

  • Taxi Policy Guuidelines
    Report of the Committee Constituted to Propose Taxi Policy Guideline to Promote Urban Mobility. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India, 2016.

    There is a need to create a suitable regulatory framework to promote shared mobility, liberalise the existing taxi permit systems and encourage new forms of urban mobility to create reliable alternatives to car ownership. This was also accentuated by the need to bring aggregators, radio taxi...

  • People Near Transit
    Marks, Michael. People Near Transit: Improving Accessibility and Rapid Transit Coverage in Large Cities. New York: Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, 2016.

    Many of the world’s most important cities are expanding rapidly without adequate transportation planning. People Near Rapid Transit (PNT) measures the number of residents in a city who live within a short walking distance (1 km) of high-quality rapid transit. This is a good way to estimate...

  • Public Private Partnership Models for Development of Sustainable Urban Transport Systems
    Public Private Partnership Models for Development of Sustainable Urban Transport Systems. Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, 2016.

    The report is a detailed analysis of five sustainable urban transport projects that have the highest potential for successful Public Private Partnership (PPP) arrangements. These projects are: city bus operations, bus terminals, Intelligent Transport Systems, Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) Schemes...

  • Urban Mobility: Strategies for Liveable Cities
    Urban Mobility: Strategies for Liveable Cities. Berlin, Germany: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Division for Water; Urban Development; Mobility, 2016.

    Within the HABITAT process the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is increasing its engagement in urban mobility.

    This new publication contains touches upon a multitude of important aspects on mobility planning such as:

    • Promoting the A(void...

  • Roadmap for Improving City Bus Systems in India
    Delhi Integrated Multi-Modal Transit Systems. Roadmap for improving City Bus Systems in India. New Delhi, India: Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, 2016.

    A wide range of interventions are required to improve the overall performance of city bus systems. This report identifies the key challenges faced by various bus operating agencies, and develops a roadmap for improving their performance. The report presents a detailed analysis of existing...

  • Report Of The High Powered Committee On Decongesting Traffic In Delhi
    Report Of The High Powered Committee On Decongesting Traffic In Delhi. New Delhi: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2016.

    The High Powered Inter-Ministerial Committee on “Decongesting Traffic in Delhi”constituted under the directions of Hon’ble Minister of Urban Development, Government of India deliberated and finalized four primary ways of dealing with congestion. The committee came up with specific...

  • L& T journal
    Transforming Cities into Metros In ECC Concord (L& T Journal). Vol. 39. Chennai, India: L&T Construction, 2016.

    As cities struggle with the unbridled population growth of both people and vehicles, metro rail systems are increasingly being adopted by city after Indian city to ease traffic woes. It is not without reason that some of the toughest and most challenging stretches of the...

  • Good Practice Guide - Bus Rapid Transit
    Good Practice Guide - Bus Rapid Transit. London: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, 2016.

    Transportation plays a crucial role in cities as it significantly impacts the quality of people’s lives and is often the key means of accessing education, employment and essential services. At the same time, transportation is the sector where global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are rising most...

  • Carsharing
    Lane, Clayton, Heshuang Zeng, Chhavi Dhingra, and Aileen Carrigan. Carsharing: A Vehicle for Sustainable Mobility in Emerging Markets?. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute , 2016.

    A snapshot of carsharing in emerging markets in 2015: where it is, where it has come from, and where it's going.

    Carsharing grew from 6 carsharing operators (CSOs) in emerging economies in 2012 to 41 by mid-2015. Research from WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities tracks rapid...

  • Global Outlook on walking and Cycling
    Jennings, Gail, and Carly Koinange. Global Outlook on Walking and Cycling: Policies and Realities around the world. Nairobi, Kenya: UN Environment, 2016.

    Transport has hard hitting consequences for almost every aspect of the life for drivers, cyclists and pedestrians. For example, it generates nearly a quarter of all carbon dioxide emissions and is the fastest growing contributor of greenhouse gasses. It also feeds air pollution that is killing...

  • BRT awards
    The BRT Standard. Institute for transport and Development Policy, 2016.

    The BRT Standard is an evaluation tool for BRT corridors based on international best practices. It is also the centerpiece of a global effort by leaders in bus rapid transit design to establish a common definition of BRT and to ensure that BRT corridors more uniformly deliver world-class...

  • Innovative Public Transport
    Adapt Technologies & Consultancy Services India Pvt. Ltd. Innovative Public Transport Information Systems. New Delhi, India: Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, 2016.

    The mode share of buses in Indian cities has been declining over the years. A reason for this is that passengers do not have enough information on bus operations such bus routes, stops and the expected arrival time. This makes the system unreliable forcing passengers to use private modes of...

  • Bus Terminal Design Guidelines
    SGA Architects. Bus Terminal Design Guidelines. New Delhi, India: Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, 2016.

    This guideline document will help develop the designs of bus terminals of different capacities and functions. The guidelines aim to promote bus terminal designs that maximize the number of buses and passengers handled and facilitate seamless passenger interchanges between different modes. The...

  • New Urban Mobility
    Towards New Urban Mobility: The case of London and Berlin., 2015.

    The report ‘Towards New Urban Mobility: The case of London and Berlin’ provides insight into how urban transport policy can better leverage new and emerging mobility choices in cities. Drawing on the LSE Cities/InnoZ household survey of 1,000 residents each in Berlin and London, it investigates...

  • Harnessing Shared Mobility
    Harnessing Shared Mobility for Compact, Sustainable Cities. Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, 2015.

    In the past decade, the world has seen car sharing go mainstream, bike sharing become a global trend, and hundreds of startups stake their claim to reinventing transport. The new systems, collectively known as shared mobility, reflect the rise of both the on-demand and sharing economies. These...

  • Urban Transport in India
    Urban Transport in India: Challenges and Recommendations In Policy Paper. Bangalore: Indian Institute of Human Settlements, 2015.

    Road congestion, lack of parking spaces, air pollution, road accidents, etc., are some of the issues faced by urban India that adversely impact the mobility needs of its population. With the objective to understand and address the complex challenges faced by the urban transport sector, this...

  • Mobility for All
    Mobility for all: A strategic transportation plan for Ranchi. Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, 2015.

    Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand, a state that remains largely rural, but is urbanising fast. The use of personal motor vehicles is expanding rapidly in Ranchi, leading to congestion in central areas and safety challenges. Ranchi lacks a formalised public transport system and people are...

  • Appraisal Checklist for Urban Transport Projects
    Institute of Urban Transport(India), Sonia Arora, and Tamalika Acharya. Appraisal Checklist for Urban Transport Projects. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2015.

    The report ‘Evaluation Criteria for Urban Transport projects’ consist of set of indicators against which transport projects can be appraised for compliance with principles of sustainable urban transport. The indicators are listed for five categories of projects namely transport planning, public...

  • Best Practices ITDP Part 1
    Hook, Walter, Colin Hughes, and Jacob Mason. Best Practice in National Support for Urban Transportation: Part 1. Vol. 1. New York: Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP), 2015.

    With the world’s urban population projected to increase from 3.4 to 6.4 billion between now and 2050, the sustainability of the earth will depend on these new urban residents living as sustainably as possible. One key element of this will be making sure the majority of these new urban residents...

  • Urban Mobility
    Urban Mobility In Compendium of Global Good Practices. New Delhi: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2015.

    This documentation takes into consideration the current transport situation and dynamic challenges faced by each city, including high levels of energy consumption, carbon dioxide emissions, congestion, road casualties, urban sprawl, and social exclusion. It also describes how these cities have...

  • Good Practices in Urban Transport
    Urban Transportation in Indian Cities In Compendium of Good Practices. New Delhi: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2015.

    The present documentation summarizes thirteen (six detailed and seven snapshots) initiatives, selected from different Indian cities to improve the service delivery of urban transport. These projects have been segregated into six categories namely, Urban Transport Management, Technology in...

  • Private investment in Public transport
    Leipziger, David, and Benot Lefevre. Private Investment in Public Transport In Success Stories form Brazilian Cities. World Resources Institute, 2015.

    With another 3 billion people being added to urban populations in the next 40 years, there is greater recognition that things must change. A “new urbanism” is emerging, in which more compact form and better public transport play a central role. But how can a city finance public transport? Few...

  • Sensitization in Urban Transport1
    Sensitization in Urban Transport1
    Sensitization about Urban Transport (Reference guide + Training Module). Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India, 2015.

    This volume of the sensitization  module aims to present  the Urban Transport scenario in India and to understand the ill effects of neglected urban transport on the environment, energy, public health and safety. It essentially gives a broad introduction to the key issues that form the main...

  • Integrating Health Benefits into Transportation Planning and Policy in India - An Issue brief
    Mahendra, Anjali, Veronica Conti, Madhav Pai, and Lakshmi Rajagopalan. Integrating Health Benefits into Transportation Planning and Policy in India - An Issue brief. Mumbai: EMBARQ India, 2014.

    The publication aims at highlighting the strong connection between public health and transport planning, often unrecognized by either public health or transport practitioners in India.  It is planned as an Issue Brief to ensure that transport is brought into the public health discourse and vice...

  • Motorized Two Wheelers in Indian Cities
    Pai, Madhav, Ranjit Gadgil, Anjali Mahendra, Shweta Vernekar, Rebecca Heywood, and Radha Chanchani. Motorized Two-Wheelers in Indian Cities: A Case Study of The City of Pune In Working Paper. Mumbai: EMBARQ India, 2014.

    The publication will draw attention to the important and underexplored issue of motorized two-wheelers in Indian cities, where the two-wheeler is a ubiquitous transport mode. The paper will also discuss the experience of other countries and lessons learned in managing two-wheelers. 


  • TOD
    Transit Oriented Development Along Rohtak Road (NH-10). New Delhi: Delhi Urban Art Commission, 2014.

    Indian cities were always planned with a sense of finding all uses within a walkable distance, creating neighbourhood’s close to each other within a distance of 10 -15 minutes, distances which made the place more interactive and lively during the day as well as at the night. This further helped...

  • Urban Transport in India: Moving Towards Equity and Sustainability
    Urban Transport in India: Moving Towards Equity and Sustainability In Policy Brief. Bangalore: Indian Institute of Human Settlements, 2014.

    Urban transportation has far-reaching impacts on human health and environment. Respiratory diseases, caused by air pollution, and traffic accidents, are the two biggest public health burdens caused by transportation. India has a high number of traffic accidents – and pedestrians and cyclists are...

  • Intermediate Public Transport
    Improving and Upgrading IPT Vehicles and Services: A Study., 2014.

    India is witnessing rapid urbanisation and motorisation. While the urban population is growing at the rate of 3.16 % per year, motor vehicles are growing at a rate of 9%. (Sharma, Jain, and Singh, 2011). Today, buses constitute less than 1% of the total registered vehicles in Indian cities (Road...

  • Bus Karo 2.0
    Vasudevan, Priyanka, and Pawan Mulukutla. Bus Karo 2.0 - Case Studies from India, Edited by Amit Bhatt, Arnab Roy, Ashwin Prabhu, Binoy Mascarenhas, Manish Pandey, Nikhil Chaudhary and Prashanth Kumar Bachu. EMBARQ India, 2014.

    Bus Karo 2.0 – Case Studies from India seeks to understand and document the implementation of significant advancements in bus transport in India. A variety of case studies have been examined, and the different aspects of implementation investigated in order to assess the success of a project....

  • Safe Access Manual
    Shah, Sonal, Sahana Goswami, Lubaina Rangwala, and Robin King. Safe Access Manual: Safe Access to Mass Transit Stations in Indian Cities., 2014.

    The Safe Access Manual is EMBARQ India’s latest publication and offers recommendations to develop safe access to mass transit stations in Indian cities. An investment of 15 billion USD has already been made across various cities to develop mass transit infrastructure such as metro rail and bus...

  • Guidelines for Pedestrian planning
    Guidelines For Planning & Implementation Of Pedestrian Infrastructure., 2014.

    The document contains the following information or guidance:

    Summary of some policies that relate to pedestrians.

    · General guidance on planning for pedestrian facilities, such as understanding pedestrian types and their needs, components that constitute a pedestrian facility,...

  • Public Transport 1
    Public Transport 2
    Public Transport (Reference Guide + Training Manual). Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2014.

    It is acknowledged that unsustainable transport comes with a price. Poor environment and health of the citizens could be contributed to the failure of ciitie sin developing countries to maintain a strong public transport system. Often, the public transport or mass transport systems are neglected...

  • Modern Trams (Light Rail Transit) for Cities in India
    Modern Trams (Light Rail Transit) for Cities in India. New Delhi, India: FICCI, 2013.

    The study puts forth possibilities and challenges of bringing in modern tram systems into Indian cities.

  • Best Practices in Urban Transportation
    Best Practices in Urban Transport. New Delhi, India: Institute of Urban Transport (india), 2013.

    Several cities are active in improving urban mobility in their cities and have implemented projects with benefits. To encourage such ‘good practices’ Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, award selected ‘Best Practiced Projects’ every year. Between 2008-2011, 164 entries have been...

  • Sustainable Urban Transport
    Bhatt, Chirayu, and Jignesh Mehta. Sustainable Urban Transport: Principles and Implementation Guidelines for Indian Cities (Draft Report)., 2013.

    The aim of this report is to help cities and local governments implement goals of sustainable planning and urban transport. In order to do this, it is important to identify guidelines and standards and establishes an evaluation mechanism through which the existing conditions can be assessed and...

  • SLB Study Part 1-Ahmedabad, Surat and Hubli Dharwad
    SLB Study Part 2-Mysore, Bhubaneswar and Kohima
    Service Level Benchmarking (SLB) in "Urban Transport" (Draft Report)., 2013.

    Measuring performance of different transport facilities is necessary to identify gaps and problems in service levels. Performance levels can be evaluated using various indicators that can help in establishing baselines, identifying trends, predicting problems, assessing options and setting...

  • BRTS case studies in India
    Mahadevia, Darshini, Rutul Joshi, and Abhijit Datey. Low-Carbon Mobility in India and the Challenges of Social Inclusion:- Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Case Studies in India In Promoting Low-Carbon Transport in India. New Delhi: UNEP Risø Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development , 2013.

    The studies looking into the technology and operation of the BRTS have also discussed the designing of the system. This report attempts to fill this gap by holistically assessing the BRTS in the Indian context and then taking up an in-depth research of the BRTS in Ahmedabad, which is currently...

  • Public Transport
    Public Transport Accessibility Toolkit. Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2013.

    City authorites who are responsible for the provision of public transport facilites in the city should also take care to ensure accessibility to these services for its existng and potental users. Ofen, provision of facilites alone without planning for its accessibility could lead to a situaton...

  • Road Safety Design Guidelines for Bus Rapid Transit in Indian Cities - Draft
    Mascarenhas, Binoy, and Nikhil Chaudhary. Road Safety Design Guidelines for Bus Rapid Transit in Indian Cities - Draft., 2012.

    In the last few decades, Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems have emerged as a cost-effective, flexible, and environmentally sustainable form of public transportation. The world’s first BRT system was developed in Curitiba, Brazil, which was followed by the development of many other BRTs across...

  • Tender SURE Project Report
    Government of Karnataka Project Tender S.U.R.E. Report. Bangalore: India Urban Space Foundation, 2012.

    Project Tender S.U.R.E. (Specifications for Urban Road Execution) is about getting the urban road right. Every urban road in Bagalore and other cities of India, is an example of chaos of traffic, broken footpaths, hanging cables, clogged drains, overflowing sewage, and haphazard street lights,...

  • Metro vs Monorail
    Issues and Risks for Monorail Projects and Metro Systems., 2012.

    This assessment report compares the technical features of metro rail (MRT, LRT) and monorail systems. All of these modes are becoming increasingly popular choices in urban communities beset by congestion problems. The urban mass transit modes examined in this analysis offer qualities of...

  • Life Cycle Cost Analysis
    Life Cycle Cost Analysis of Five Urban Transport Systems., 2012.

    The choice of the Urban Transport System is the key decision point for cities, states and the central government. It is most relevant because different classes of cities and different corridors in the same city require different public transport solutions. The country has so far failed to...

  • Exhaust Emissions of Transit Buses
    Cooper, Erin, Magdala Arioli, Aileen Carrigan, and Umang Jain. Exhaust Emissions of Transit Buses: Sustainable Urban Transportation Fuels and Vehicles In Working Paper., 2012.

    As part of EMBARQ’s Sustainable Urban Transportation Fuels and Vehicles (SUTFV) program funded by FedEx, this report compiles a large data set of in-use transit bus emissions...

  • urban transport_planning commission
    Recommendations of Working Group on Urban Transport for 12th Five Year Plan. New Delhi: Planning Commission, Government of India, 2012.

    The present scene of urban transport across India is categorized by sprawling cities; declining share of public transport and non-motorised transport; focus on supply side yet with low investments; sheer neglect of pedestrians, cyclists and public transport users; and increased motorization...

  • Better Streets Better Cities
    Kost, Christopher, and Matthias Nohn. Better Streets, Better Cities., 2011.

    Better Streets, Better Cities: a Guide to Street Design in Urban India illustrates ways that good design can help create safer streets and more livable public spaces. The guide was prepared by ITDP in collaboration with the Ahmedabad-based Environmental Planning Collaborative.


  • Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Pune City
    Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Pune City. Pune, Maharashtra, India: Pune Municipal Corporation, 2008.

    The National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) has been formulated by the Ministry of Urban Development in 2006 to transform the current urban transport system into a safe, convenient and efficient transportation system across all urban areas in India. In order to ensure that the various urban...

  • National Urban Transport Policy
    National Urban Transport Policy. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2006.

    The objective of this policy is to ensure safe, affordable, quick, comfortable, reliable and sustainable access for the growing number of city residents to jobs, education, recreation and such other needs within our cities.


  • Bus Karo - A Guidebook
    Bus Karo: A Guidebook on Bus Planning & Operations.

    The development of this guidebook parallels efforts of the Government of India's Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) to become a source of financing for the procurement of new buses nationwide. Cities across the country that have received these buses are beginning to operate...

  • Sustainable Urban Transport in India: Role of the Auto-rickshaw Sector
    Mani, Akshay, Madhav Pai, and Rishi Aggarwal. Sustainable Urban Transport in India: Role of the Auto-rickshaw Sector.

    This report addresses how the auto rickshaw sector can play a key role in improving sustainability for urban transport, and addresses negative perceptions of rickshaws. We also introduce new models of regulation and reforms that can be adopted for a more efficient and safer system and enable the...

  • Review of Literature in India's Urban Auto-Rickshaw Sector
    Mani, Akshay, and Pallavi Pant. Review of Literature in India's Urban Auto-Rickshaw Sector: A Synthesis of Findings.

    This study presents a review of available literature in the urban auto-rickshaw sector in India. The objective of this review is to understand the current state of the sector, summarize the key issues, and highlight the gaps in current literature. A wide range of literature sources are reviewed...