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Smartnet acts as a repository of key reference material like reports, guidelines, model documents, case studies and research on topics relevant to the urban sector. The Smartnet Library has been catalogued based on sectors, sub-sectors and types of documents.
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  • World Bank
    World Bank Group. Shared and Public Toilets,Championing Delivery Models That Work. New Delhi, India: The World Bank Group, 2018.

    The Bank also launched a report titled, ‘Shared and Public Toilets: Championing Delivery Models that Work.’ The report highlights that many people who have individual household toilets may nevertheless suffer from a lack of toilet facilities as they spend many hours away from home. Furthermore,...

  • Report
    10 Innovative Approaches to Improve the Urban WA-S-H Sector in India In IHUWASH Project supported by USAID. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2017.

    The IHUWASH project aims to improve performance of the urban WASH sector in India by following a process of agglomeration (compilation of best practices), incubation (supporting innovative solutions) and acceleration (giving momentum to innovations). IHUWASH is a collaborative initiative of the...

  • Individual Toilets for Urban Slums - Kakinada
    Individual Toilets for Urban Slums - Kakinada In India Smart Cities: Success Stories from Mission Cities. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2017.

    Kakinada Municipal Corporation aims to provide proper sanitation facilities to the poor citizens of the city dwellers. Under this agenda, a survey was conducted to assess the number of houses/ families in slum areas under Area Based Development (ABD), which do not have individual toilets. An...

  • Public Toilet Utilities on PPP Basis - NDMC
    Public Toilet Utilities on PPP Basis - NDMC In India Smart Cities: Success Stories from Mission Cities. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2017.

    In order to address the sanitation needs, NDMC has devised an innovative Public Private Partnership (PPP) model where NDMC provides space for construction of Public Toilet Utilities (PTUs) along with some additional space, which the private sector can use for revenue generation. However, the...

  • E-Toilets – Solapur
    E-Toilets – Solapur. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2017.

    Solapur is also of religious importance with more than fve lakh pilgrims visiting the Siddheshwar Temple, every year. However the city does not have adequate public conveniences facility for the large visiting/ floating population of the city. It has also been noticed that the hygiene routine...

  • World Bank ICT in Sanitation
    Bhatnagar, Vandana, Nidhi Batra, and Kanak Tiwari. Mainstreaming citizen feedback on service delivery using ICTs : findings and lessons from ICT-based feedback surveys on water supply and sanitation services in Indian cities. The World Bank, 2017.

    The water and sanitation sector in Indian cities is characterized by weak accountability processes and lack of customer orientation. The institutional focus of service providers tends to be on creating new assets, rather than delivery of services and performance efficiency. Moreover, in the...

  • Quality of Toilet
    Quality and sustainability of toilets., 2017.

    With an aim to ensure open defecation free (ODF) India by 2019, Swachh Bharat Mission has been progressing at a rapid pace. Since its start in October 2014, over four crore toilets have been constructed across rural India. Lakhs of villages and hundreds of districts are being declared ODF across...

  • Toilet mapping
    The Toilet Tracker: mapping sanitation in peri-urban Lusaka. Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor, 2017.

    This Practice Note introduces the Toilet Tracker, a new tool for supporting sanitation business development and public health monitoring.

    Currently being tested in the peri-urban area of Kanyama, the Tracker enables information on the ownership, location, quality and emptying history of...

  • Guidebook_Maharashtra FSM
    Guidebook for Urban Local Bodies to Implement Septage Management Plan. Urban Development Department, Government of Maharashtra, 2017.

    In Maharashtra, only 32 cities are partially covered with sewer systems. Majority of household toilets are connected to onsite systems like septic tanks or pits. The new toilets constructed since the launch of Swachh Maharashtra Mission, Urban (SMMU) in 2015 by are being connected to septic...

  • SOP_ Swachh office
    Swachh Office, Standard Operating Procedures. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2016.

    The “Swachh Office” rating was first conducted in 2015, as part of the Thematic Drive for cleaning government Offices and Buildings.It was repeated in 2016. The thematic drive for 16th-30th May 2016 is also on the same lines, and we are expecting an enthusiastic response not only from offices of...

  • Ready recknor for ULB on ODF
    Declaring your City/Town Open Defecation Free., 2016.

    This manual on Open Defecation Free cities can be used as a ready reckoner for all Urban Local Bodies that are working towards their ODF goals. ULBs can follow the guidelines provided in the pages to prepare themselves to declare themselves as ODF, as per the prescribed protocols.
     

  • ODF Behavioural change
    Triggering for Behaviour Change towards Open Defecation., 2016.

     

    The manual on Triggering for Open Defecation Free cities which can be a very useful ready reckoner for all Urban Local Bodies that are working towards their ODF goals. ULBs can follow the guidelines provided in the pages to trigger communities and educate the citizens on the harmful...

  • Case study of sustainable sanitation projects
    Schröder, Enno. Upscaling Basic Sanitation for the Urban Poor (UBSUP) in Kenya. Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA), 2016.

    UBSUP is a country-wide up-scaling programme aimed at providing access to basic household sanitation across all Kenyan urban low income areas. Implemented through licensed water utilities, UBSUP concept covers the entire sanitation service chain: it incorporates a social marketing concept,...

  • persuasion for toilets
    Patimo, Francesco, and Carolyn Jones. 'Get a Toilet': Building demand for toilets. The Toilet Board Coalition (TCB), 2016.

    Sustainable sanitation solutions need to take both infrastructure – the hardware – and cultural barriers and behaviour – the software – into account. This report is about developing demand propositions for sanitation marketing – pulling people towards wanting a toilet in their homes. It’s about...

  • Mapping Sanitation
    Roma, Dr Elisa, and Dr Val Curtis. Mapping Sanitation Solutions: A report in collaboration with LSHTM and DOMESTOS. The Toilet Board Coalition (TCB), 2016.

    This report surveys emerging sanitation solutions, especially from the perspective of sanitation as a business. Having done a horizon scan of 41 approaches drawn from countries in Africa, Asia, South East Asia and Latin America, the writers selected 19 to feature in the report. These were chosen...

  • Future models_Sanitation
    Hague, Jonathan. Building Future Sanitation Models. The Toilet Board Coalition (TCB), 2016.

    This report focuses on understanding how new technologies and future sanitation models may be harnessed to accelerate the goal of increasing access to affordable, hygienic, economically and environmentally sustainable sanitation.

  • Guidelines for open defecation free (ODF) sustainability
    Guidelines for Open Defecation Free (ODF) sustainability. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India, 2016.

    These Guidelines are indicative and meant for guidance of states to eveolve their own mechanism for ODF verification.

  • Maharashtra_ ODF_technological solutions
    The Change Makers, Making Maharashtra ODF and Clean In Documentation of Innovative Practices. Urban Development Department, Government of Maharashtra, 2016.

    Since the launch of Swachh Maharashtra Mission (Urban) in 2015 by the Government of Maharashtra, the cities have shown dedicated efforts in promoting the mission and increasing their own capacities towards the realization of this goal. Maharashtra proudly hosts 52 open defecation free cities...

  • Sanitation in Slums in India
    Bapat, Meera, Barkha Goel, Pravin Santosh More, Rajiv Raman, and Somnath Sen. Community slum sanitation in India : a practitioner’s guide . The World Bank Group, 2016.

    Following the launch of the National Urban Sanitation Policy (NUSP, 2008), a number of initiatives were taken: states formulated their State Sanitation Strategies, and more than 150 cities drafted or are in the process of drafting the City Sanitation Plans (CSPs, by March 2014). The NUSP...

  • namma toilet_ Case Study
    ,
    Tender Document and Agreement
    Namma Toilet: A High Quality Toilet Solution., 2015.

    Namma Toilet is an initiative by the Commisionarate of Municipal Administration, Tamil Nadu along with participation of Urbane Industries Ltd to eradicate open defecation in the State. The public and community toilets currently built by the government are rendered useless within a short period...

  • Guidelines for Swachh Bharat Mission
    Guidelines for Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM). New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India, 2014.

    The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) emanates from the vision of the Government articulated in the address of The President of India in his address to the Joint Session of Parliament on 9th June 2014: “We must not tolerate the indignity of homes without toilets and public spaces littered with...

  • Swachh school
    Swachh Bharat: Swachh Vidyalaya, A National Mission. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India, 2014.

    Swachh Bharat: Swachh Vidyalaya is the national campaign driving ‘Clean India: Clean Schools’. A key feature of the campaign is to ensure that every school in India has a set of functioning and well maintained water, sanitation and hygiene facilities. Water, sanitation and hygiene in schools...

  • Community Managed Sanitation Complexes
    Sadhukhan, Bedoshruti, Ritu Thakur, and Soumya Chaturvedula. Community Managed Sanitation Complexes, Tiruchirapalli In Case Study., 2012.

    Due to inadequate sanitation facilities and a lack of hygiene education, by the late 1990s, the urban poor within the City of Tiruchirapalli were subject to frequent outbreaks of water borne diseases. A lack of maintenance, rather than existence of toilet facilities, was identified as the main...

  • Urine diversion dry toilets in multi-storey buildings
    McConville, Jennifer, and Arno Rosemarin. Urine diversion dry toilets and greywater system, Erdos City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSan), 2012.

    The EETP initiated by the Dongsheng District Government and the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) has adopted the approach of sustainable sanitation in multi-storey buildings in an urban large-scale implementation for 3,000 residents. Urine diversion dry toilets (with bins in the basement),...

  • Susan compilation 25
    von Muench, Dr. Elisabeth. Compilation of 25 case studies on sustainable sanitation projects from Africa. Eschborn: Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA), 2012.

    The SuSanA publishes case studies of sustainable sanitation projects to demonstrate the wide range of possible systems for sustainable sanitation systems. The case study collection comprises project examples from developing and industrialised countries, high and low tech systems, urban and rural...

  • Health
    Roma, Dr Elisa, and Isabelle Pugh. Toilets For Health. Unilever, 2012.

    “Despite the scale of the crisis, sanitation remains a low priority for governments and recent efforts to address this fall far short of what is required. Progress depends on adequate investment and collaborative action across developing country and donor governments, civil society, multilateral...

  • Sub-Saharan Africa sanitation case studies
    Compilation of 27 case studies on sustainable sanitation projects from Sub-Sahara Africa. Eschborn, Germany: Sustainable Sanitation Alliance, 2011.

    The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) publishes case studies of sustainable sanitation projects from around the world to demonstrate the wide range of available technologies for sustainable sanitation systems. This case study book only comprises those project examples which are from sub-...

  • SusanA compilation (24 cases)
    Compilation of 24 SuSanA Case Studies. Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA), 2009.

    The SuSanA publishes case studies of sustainable sanitation projects to demonstrate the wide range of possible systems for sustainable sanitation systems. The case study collection comprises project examples from developing and industrialised countries, high and low tech systems, urban and rural...

  • Integrated low cost sanitation scheme (ILCS)
    Integrated Low Cost Sanitation Scheme (ILCS). New Delhi: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, 2008.

    The centrally sponsored scheme of Low Cost Sanitation for liberation of Scavengers started from 1960-61 initially through the Ministry of Home Affairs and later on through the Ministry of Welfare. From 1989-90 it came to be operated through the Ministry of Urban Development and later on through...