The centrally sponsored scheme of Low Cost Sanitation for liberation of Scavengers started from 1960-61 initially through the Ministry of Home Affairs and later on through the Ministry of Welfare. From 1989-90 it came to be operated through the Ministry of Urban Development and later on through the Ministry of Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation now titled, Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation. The main objectives of the scheme are to convert the existing dry latrines into low cost pour flush latrines and to construct new ones where none exist.
The objective of the Scheme is to convert/ construct low cost sanitation units through sanitary two pit pour flush latrines with superstructures and appropriate variations to suit local conditions(area specific latrines) and construct new latrines where EWS household have nolatrines and foloow the inhuman practice of defecating in the open in urban areas.
This includes revised guidelines of the Integrated Low Cost Sanitation Scheme.