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Smartnet acts as a repository of key reference material like reports, guidelines, model documents, case studies and research on topics relevant to the urban sector. The Smartnet Library has been catalogued based on sectors, sub-sectors and types of documents.
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  • Rajasthan Poverty Development
    Rajasthan playing to its strengths : a strategy for sustained and inclusive growth. The World Bank Group, 2018.

    India’s largest state by area, Rajasthan also stands out in economic performance and achieved a greater reduction in poverty than any other low income state. This strong performance reflects broad-based efforts towards policy reform across sectors that resulted in a more productive and...

  • Social Protection
    Beegle, Kathleen, Aline Coudouel, and Emma Monsalve. Realizing the Full Potential of Social Safety Nets in Africa. World Bank, 2018.

    Poverty has been declining in Sub-Saharan Africa, but millions are still poor or vulnerable. To address this ongoing and complex problem, all countries in the region have now deployed social safety net programs as part of their core development plans. The number of programs has skyrocketed since...

  • Poverty
    What does it mean to leave no one behind?. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2018.

    With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda, UN Member States pledged to ensure “no one will be left behind” and to “endeavour to reach the furthest behind first”.

    This paper advances a framework that governments and stakeholders can use to act on their pledge in a way that enables and...

  • Multi dimensional Poverty Index
    Kanagaratnam, Usha, Christian Oldiges, and Sabina Alkire. Multidimensional Poverty Reduction in India 2005/6–2015/16: Still a Long Way to Go but the Poorest Are Catching Up. Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative , 2018.

    This paper assesses the change in multidimensional poverty in India from 2005/6 to 2015/16 using data from the NFHS-3 and NFHS-4 surveys. Estimates of changes are disaggregated by age cohort, state and by socio-economic group-level, and broken down by indicator; sampling errors are considered...

  • Multidimensional index
    MPI in India: A Case Study. Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative , 2018.

    India has reduced its poverty rate drastically from 55% to 28% in ten years. 271 million people moved out of poverty between 2005/6 and 2015/16. While progress has been remarkable, the country still has the largest...

  • Fighting Poverty
    Initiatives, Development. Investments to end poverty 2018:meeting the financing challenge to leave no one behind., 2018.

    This report is the third in a series launched in 2013 ahead of Agenda 2030 to provide evidenceinformed analysis on the impact of aid on poverty, the right balance between promoting growth and direct assistance to people in poverty and the need to mobilise more resources and use them effectively...

  • Humanity on the move: Unlocking the transformative power of cities
    Chair), Hans Joachim Sc, and Dirk Messner( Chair). Humanity on the move: Unlocking the transformative power of cities. Berlin, Germany: German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU), 2016.

    The momentum of urbanization and its impacts are so massive that we must face up to this trend. In view of the existing cognitive, technical, economic and institutional path dependencies, a policy of business as usual – i.e. an unstructured, quasi-automatic urbanization – would lead to a non-...

  • Towards Inclusive Policies and Planning
    Poverty, Inequality and Violence in Indian Cities: Towards Inclusive Policies and Planning In Ahmedabad Policy Brief 8., 2016.

    In Ahmedabad, the larhest city of Gujarat state, the research focuses on two poor localities: Bombay Hotel, an informal commercial siubdivision located on the city's southern periphery and inhabited by Muslims, and the public housing sites at Vatwa on the city's south-eastern periphery used for...

  • Urban redevlopment
    Urban Redevelopment: From Urban Squalor to Global City In Urban Systems Studies. Singapore: Centre for Liveable Cities, 2016.

    Singapore’s Central Area was an overcrowded, slum-filled and heavily-polluted urban centre in the 1960s. Rapid redevelopment in the following decades has transformed it into a global financial centre today, exemplifying the progress made by the city-state.

    Urban redevelopment is not only...

  • Rochecter: Smart solutions
    Building a Stairway Out of Poverty in Rochester: Smarter Cities Challenge report., 2016.

    With some of the highest poverty rates in the U .S., Rochester, New York used its IBM Smarter Cities Challenge grant in 2015 to identify ways to improve the lives of those in need. After visiting the city, IBM experts made a series of recommendations -- from leveraging data for greater insight...

  • World Bank_CC_and poor
    Hallegatte, Stephane, Adrien Vogt-Schilb, Mook Bangalore, and Julie Rozenberg. Unbreakable: Building Resilience of the poor in the Face of Natural Disasters. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 2016.

    Compared to their wealthier counterparts, poor people are more likely to live in fragile housing in disaster-prone areas, and work in sectors dangerously susceptible to extreme weather events, like farming and agriculture. They also receive much less government and community support for recovery...

  • Poverty in India
    Balcázar, Carlos Felipe, Sonal Desai, Rinku Murgai, and Ambar Narayan. Why did poverty decline in India ? a nonparametric decomposition exercise . The World Bank Group, 2016.

    This paper uses panel data to analyze factors that contributed to the rapid decline in poverty in India between 2005 and 2012. The analysis employs a nonparametric decomposition method that measures the relative contributions of different components of household livelihoods to observed changes...

  • Poverty Reduction India
    Chatterjee, Urmila, Rinku Murgai, Martin G. Rama, and Ambar Narayan. Pathways to reducing poverty and sharing prosperity in India : lessons from the last two decades. The World Bank Group, 2016.

    India is uniquely placed to help reduce global poverty and boost prosperity. The country has the largest number of poor people in the world, as well are the largest number of people who have recently escaped poverty. There is an emerging middle class but the majority of people are still...

  • Urban Poor
    Patel, Sejal, Richard Sliuzas, and Yola Georgiadou. Participatory Local Governance in Asian Cities: Invited, Closed or Claimed Spaces for Urban Poor?. Environment and Urbanization Asia, 2016.

    In the past two decades, many Asian countries including India have mandated participatory local governance through national statutes. Emerging research on Asian cities shows that despite strong national mandates, the practice of participatory governance at local levels remains largely...

  • Tackling Urban Poverty
    Tackling Urban Poverty In Policy Brief. Bangalore: Indian Institute of Human Settlements, 2015.

    Poverty in India has long been rurally imagined. Programmes, policies, missions and resources have followed suit. There are no urban equivalents, for example, of several national missions in work, health, or electricity, among others. This has, in the past two decades, begun to change as the...

  • E_records
    Kanaiwa Hospital's Non-Stop Network Supports Electronic Health Record System., 2015.

    When Kanaiwa Hospital in Kanazawa, Japan, decided to introduce a comprehensive electronic health records system, it needed a smooth transition from its old paper record-keeping as well as a "non-stop" network to support the new system. The case study...

  • Project Brief
    ,
    Resettlement Plan
    ,
    Project Report
    Vietnam Urban Upgrading Project. World Bank Group, 2015.

    The objectives of the Vietnam Urban Upgrading Project are to alleviate poverty in urban areas by improving the living and environmental conditions of the urban poor using participatory planning methods, and influencing planning processes to become more inclusive and pro-poor. The project will be...

  • Guidelines_night Shelters
    Guidelines Night Shelter for Urban Shelterless. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, 2014.

    The ultimate goal of the National Housing and Habitat Policy 1998 is to ensure that the basic need to Shelter for All is fulfilled in a time bound manner and a better quality of life is provided to all the citizens of the country by harnessing the unused potential in the public, private and the...

  • Urban Shelters NULM
    Scheme of Shelters for Urban Homeless. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, 2013.

    The objectives of the Shelter for Urban Homeless (SUH) component of NULM scheme are to:

    1. Ensure availability and access of the urban homeless population to permanent shelters including the basic infrastructure facilities like water supply, sanitation, safety and security;

    2....

  • Urban Poverty in India and Post-MDG Framework
    Mahadevia, Darshini. Urban Poverty in India and Post-MDG Framework In Oxfam India working papers series. Vol. OIWPS - XVII. New Delhi, India: Oxfam India, 2013.

    Post-2015, when the deadline of the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) end, the world has to give itself a new development agenda to address continuing conditions of poverty and inequality. Some countries have missed their targets and some have met theirs. The goals and targets...

  • Culture and Development
    Culture and Development MDG - F Thematic Study: Review of Key Findings and Achievements. MDG Achievement Fund, 2013.

    Strengthening creative industries and protecting natural and cultural heritage have proved to be effective instruments of economic development. Our work has harnessed the potential of the creative sector for job creation, economic growth and poverty reduction and supported efforts to promote the...

  • NULM: Capacity building
    Capacity Building and Training (Operational Guidelines): National Urban Livelihoods Mission. New Delhi: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, 2013.

    The key objectives of the Capacity Building and Training (CB&T) component are:

    a. To transform the role of M/o HUPA and State Agencies in charge of urban poverty alleviation into providers of high quality technical assistance in the field of livelihood promotion and urban poverty...

  • Employment:nulm
    Employment through Skills Training & Placement, (Operational Guidelines): National Urban Livelihoods Mission. New Delhi: Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, 2013.

    The broader objective of the Employment through Skills Training & Placement (EST&P) Program is –

    a. To provide an asset to the urban poor in the form of skills for sustainable livelihood

    b.To increase the income of urban poor through structured, market-oriented certified...

  • NULM: Urban Shelters
    Scheme of Shelters for Urban Homeless (Operational Guidelines): National Urban Livelihoods Mission. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, 2013.

    The objectives of the Shelter for Urban Homeless (SUH) component of NULM scheme are to:

    • Ensure availability and access of the urban homeless population to permanent shelters including the basic infrastructure facilities like water supply, sanitation, safety and security;
    • ...

  • NULM : Self Employment
    Self Employment Programme (Operational Guidelines): National Urban Livelihoods Mission. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, 2013.

    This component will focus on financial assistance to individuals/groups of urban poor for setting up gainful self-employment ventures/ micro-enterprises, suited to their skills, training, aptitude and local conditions. The component will also support Self Help Groups (SHGs) of urban poor to...

  • Social Mobilisation: NULM
    Social Mobilisation and Institution Development (Operational Guidelines): National Urban Livelihoods Mission. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, 2013.

    The National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) shall rest on the foundation that the mobilisation of urban poor households to form their own institutions is an important investment for an effective and sustainable poverty reduction programme. These institutions of the poor would partner with...

  • Urbanisation, poverty
    Tacoli, Cecilia. Urbanization, gender and urban poverty: paid work and unpaid carework in the city In Urbanisation and Emerging Population Issues Working Paper . Vol. 7. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), 2012.

    Most of the world’s population now live in urban centres, where virtually all population growth in the next century will also be absorbed. Urbanization offers unprecedented opportunities for increasing living standards, life expectancy and literacy levels, environmental sustainability and more...

  • Report
    Task Force on Promoting Affordable Housing. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, 2012.

    Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, set up a Task Force for developing transparent qualified criteria and a separate set of guidance for affordable housing in PPP projects for circulation to states, aimed at developing recommendations to create an enabling framework for increased...

  • Upgrading Slums in Brazil
    Magalhães, Fernanda, and Francesco di Villarosa. Slum Upgrading: Lessons Learned From Brazil. Washington DC: Inter-American Development Bank, 2012.

    Over the past four decades Brazil has become one of the most urbanised countries in the world, with more than 80 percent of Brazilians living in cities.

    Throughout this period of rapid transition, Brazil’s cities and the national government have tested many different policies and...

  • City Development Strategy
    Frank, Daphne, Sara Hoeflich, Jean-Christophe Adrian, Cecilia Njenga, Soraya Smaoun, and Douglas McCallum. City Development Strategy: A Conceptual Framework In Cities Alliance Discussion Paper - No. 1. Washington, DC: The Cities Alliance, 2011.

    The Cities Alliance has long supported strategic planning activities to improve the efficiency and impact of urban development in support of city-based, consensus-building processes. These processes enable cities, local authorities and stakeholders to define a common vision for their city and...

  • Egypt
    Shehayeb, Dr. Dina K., and Dr. Khaled Abdelhalim. Maximising use value: Action guide for informal areas. Cairo, Egypt: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, 2011.

    This user-friendly Action Guide addresses concerns of the local government in Greater Cairo when dealing with informal areas. It demonstrates that there are positive practices of local communities as well as potentials resulting from the urban fabric of such areas. These potentials...

  • Tenure security and urban social protection in India
    Mahadevia, Darshini. Tenure security and urban social protection in India In CSP Research Report 05. Sussex, UK: Centre for Social Protection (CSP), Institute of Development Studies (IDS), 2011.

    Informal housing in fact presents complex land tenure system. This research categorizes different levels of tenure security and links them with social protection.

  • Incremental Housing_Cities Alliance
    Wakely, Patrick, and Elizabeth Riley. The Case for Incremental Housing. Washington D.C.: Cities Alliance, 2011.

    The Case for Incremental Housing by Patrick Wakely and Elizabeth Riley makes the case for governments to initiate and support incremental housing strategies as a major component of integrated urban development.

    It does so through six main arguments:

    • The...

  • Slum report stats
    Report of the Committee on Slum Statistics. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, 2010.

    If urbanisation has to act as positive force in economic development, we should avoid the past mistakes and aim at an urban and regional plannning system that is inclusive and does not exclude the poor and informal sector. Comprehensive information/data on the slume is essential for the...

  • Participatory Development Programme in Urban Areas in Egypt1
    Abdelhalim, Khaled, and Mohammad Abou Samra. Participatory Upgrading of Informal Areas A Decision-makers’ Guide for Action. Cairo, Egypt: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, 2010.

    This publication outlines a model of participatory upgrading implemented in Egypt and how to apply that model. It represents the accumulated experience of the Egyptian-German Participatory Development Programme in Urban Areas (PDP) since 1998.

    The book consists of two parts. The first...

  • Building cities
    Rojas, Eduardo. Building Cities Neighbourhood Upgrading and Urban Quality of Life. Washington DC: Inter-American Development Bank, 2010.

    Building Cities reviews the experiences of the Latin American and Caribbean region in the design and implementation of neighbourhood upgrading programmes. The volume has a particular focus on the lessons learned by specialists of the Inter-American Development Bank and their technical and...

  • Count me in
    Mundy, Paul, and Jean du Plessis. Count me in: Surveying for tenure security and Urban land management. Nairobi, Kenya: UN-HABITAT, 2010.

    Published in 2010, this publication by UN-HABITAT  is about participatory enumerations and the role they can play in urban upgrading, planning and development – and in improving land tenure security for the residents of informal settlements around the world.

    It looks at who undertakes...

  • ADB Urban Vision
    Choe, K., A. Laquian, and H. Kim. Urban Development Experience and Visions: India and the people's Republic of China. Manila, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2008.

    This report summarizes the discussions that took place on 8- 16 November 2007 at an Asian Development Bank - sponsored workshop on Urban Development Experience of the PRC and India with Private Sector Participation. The workshop was held in the People's Republic of China, where high-level...

  • City Development Strategies to Reduce Poverty
    City Development Strategies to Reduce Poverty. Manila, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2004.

    The Asian Development Bank (ADB) publication City Development Strategies to Reduce Poverty sets out the results of a technical assistance that developed and introduced the concepts and techniques for preparing City Development Strategies (CDS) and Cities Without Slums (CWS) programmes.

    It...