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Smartnet acts as a repository of key reference material like reports, guidelines, model documents, case studies and research on topics relevant to the urban sector. The Smartnet Library has been catalogued based on sectors, sub-sectors and types of documents.
The Library can also be searched using the Advanced Search option for Document Titles, Authors / Organisations and Keywords.

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  • Working Paper_ Lessons from Phallin
    Christian, Paul J., Eeshani Kandpal, Nethra Palaniswamy, and Vijayendra Rao. Safety nets and natural disaster mitigation: evidence from cyclone Phailin in Odisha. The World Bank Group, 2018.

    To what degree can vulnerability to extreme weather events be mitigated by access to a rural livelihoods program, particularly with regard to the impacts on women? This paper addresses this question through a natural experiment arising from two independent but overlapping sources of variation:...

  • Incentivising Disaster Resilience
    Incentives for Reducing Disaster Risk in Urban Areas. Asian Development Bank, 2018.

    Experiences in 3 case study areas in Viet Nam, Nepal, and the Philippines indicate that there is an opportunity to leverage existing incentive and/or investment programs to encourage investment in disaster risk reduction.

    The rapid growth of urban areas has often resulted...

  • Economic Losses
    Economic Losses, Poverty & Disasters, 1998-2017., 2018.

    If development and economic growth are not risk informed, they are not sustainable and can undermine efforts to build resilience. The economic losses which often ensue from the creation of new risk or exacerbation of existing levels of risk can have a signifcant human cost.

    That human...

  • Cash Transfer
    Implementing emergency cash transfers: The Philippine experience in response to the 2016/17 disasters. World Bank Group, 2018.

    Around the globe, there is an unending cycle of producing innovative policies that are relevant and responsive to today's complex problems of disaster risk reduction and mitigation. A lot of evidence is pointing to the shifting paradigm in responding to emergencies. Foremost among them is the...

  • Data Center strengthening and DR site
    Surat Smart City Development Limited. Data Center strengthening and DR site. Surat Smart City Development Limited, 2018.

    With the increased expectations from citizens for online services and the number of eGovernance Projects, SMART city project and other large scale projects being launched by the Government and as well as Corporate clients, the Data Centre requirements are growing exponentially. In view of the...

  • How can Indonesia achieve its climate change mitigation goal
    Wijaya, Arief, Hanny Chrysolite, Mengpin Ge, Clorinda Kurnia Wibowo, Almo Pradana, Kemen Austin And Utami, and Kemen Austin. How Can Indonesia Achieve Its Climate Change Mitigation Goal? An Analysis of Potential Emissions Reductions from Energy and Land-Use Policies In Working Paper. World Resources Institute, 2017.

    Indonesia is one of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases (GHG). For the past two decades, GHG emissions have increased from almost all sectors, such as land-use (defined as land use, land-use change, and forestry including peat fires), energy, agriculture, industry, and waste....

  • Standard Operating Procedures - Urban Flooding
    Urban Flooding: Standard Operating Procedure. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2017.

    Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) is a predefined set of directives. It is widely used concept by different organization to guarantee the expected outcome without any error. In general terms SOPs can be defined as “A set of directives, covering those features of operations that lend themselves...

  • heatwave action plan
    Ahmedabad Heat Action Plan 2017. Ahmedabad, India: Amdavad Municipal Corporation, 2017.

    Climate change is leading to an increase in average temperatures and increased possibilities of severe heat waves. Extreme heat can lead to dangerous, even deadly, health consequences, including heat stress and heatstroke. The city of Ahmedabad had a major heat wave in May 2010, which led to 1,...

  • Climate Planning in Australia
    Torabi, Elnaz, Aysin Dedekorkut-Howes, and Michael Howes. Not Waving, Drowning: Can Local Government Policies on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Resilience Make a Difference?. Urban Policy and Research, 2017.

    Climate change will increase the intensity, duration and/or frequency of some climate-related hazards. Responsibility for adapting to such impacts of climate change in Australia has, in the main, fallen on local governments which have paid varying degrees of attention to the issue. This paper...

  • ACCCRN factsheet_ Urban Flooding
    Urban Flooding, India - Urban Climate Change Factsheets In India - Urban Climate Change Fact Sheets. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2016.

    Urban floods are a result of inadequate or poor maintenance of storm water drains, improper planning, encroachment on drains and water bodies, occupation of low lying areas, modification of catchments, and climate change. This fact sheet discusses the causes, impacts and suggests solutions for...

  • land slides_ ACCCRN Factsheet
    Landslides, India - Urban Climate Change fact Sheets In India - Urban Climate Change Fact Sheets. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2016.

    Landslides occur due to a number of complex factors. However, researchers believe that heavy rains are one of the major causal factors for landslide. The climate scientists and IPCC Working Group I reports that more extreme weather with heavy rainfall is expected in future. This implies that...

  • Heat Waves Fact sheet
    Heat Waves, India-Urban Climate Change fact sheets In India - Urban Climate Change Fact Sheets. NIUA, 2016.

    India falls in tropical and subtropical zones and receives plenty of sunshine throughout the year.  Some periods of summer season in India, are exceptionally hot. Higher daily peak temperatures and longer, more intense heat waves are becoming increasingly frequent globally due to climate change...

  • Disaster Management plan
    National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP). New Delhi: National Disaster Management Authority, Government of India, 2016.

    National Disaster Manangement Plan aims to make India Disaster resilient. It will help to maximize the ability of the country to cope with diasters at all levels by integrating disaster risk reduction into development and by increasing the prepardness to repond to all kinds of disasters.


  • Gujarat _ earthquake action Plan1
    Gujarat _ earthquake action Plan2
    Gujarat _  tsunami action Plan
    State level Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Management Plans. Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority, 2016.

    Till the 2001 earthquake, whenever a disaster occurred, the State Government had only one document i.e. the Relief Manual for undertaking the relief measures. Contingency Plans were available only for cyclone and flood.

    Now, the State Government has prepared comprehensive State Level...

  • Heatwave plans
    National Disaster Management Authority. Guidelines for Preparation of Action Plan – Prevention and Management of Heat - Wave. National Disaster Management Authority , 2016.

    Heat Wave Guidelines aims to facilitate the stakeholders in preparing a Heat Wave Management Plan by providing insight into the heat related illness and the necessary mitigative and response actions to be undertaken. It will also help in mobilization and coordination of various departments,...

  • Telanagana heatwave action plan
    The Telangana State Heatwave Action Plan. Government of Telangana, 2016.

    Heat Wave Plan is a Plan intended to protect the population from heat related harm to health. It aims to prepare for, alert people to, and prevent, the major avoidable effects on health during periods of severe heat, while the days are sunny in summer, it should not be forgotten that the...

  • Handbook
    Handbook of Drought Indicators and Indices. Geneva, Switzerland: World Meteorological Organization (WMO), 2016.

    The Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP), which is co-sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Global Water Partnership (GWP) and some 30 other partners, has released a Handbook of Drought Indicators and Indices.

    Based on available literature and drawing...

  • Early Warning System Surat
    End to End Early Warning System for Ukai and Local Floods in Surat City. TARU Leading Edge Pvt.Ltd., 2016.

    Surat, located at the mouth of Tapi River, has most of its catchment area lying in high variability rainfall zone. Post 1970, the city witnessed increased demand for water (e.g. industrial) and new developments along flood plain which in turn reduced the flow, leaving dam managers with no choice...

  • World Bank_CC_and poor
    Hallegatte, Stephane, Adrien Vogt-Schilb, Mook Bangalore, and Julie Rozenberg. Unbreakable: Building Resilience of the poor in the Face of Natural Disasters. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 2016.

    Compared to their wealthier counterparts, poor people are more likely to live in fragile housing in disaster-prone areas, and work in sectors dangerously susceptible to extreme weather events, like farming and agriculture. They also receive much less government and community support for recovery...

  • SWM during disaster
    Municipal Solid Waste Management in Crisis and Post-Crisis Setting. New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2016.

    This guidance note aims to support Government counterparts and strengthen UNDP Country Offices’ and implementing partners’ capacities to plan, design and implement projects for municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in crisis or post-crisis settings, as part of UNDP’s early recovery response....

  • Climate Change
    Beermanna, Jan, Appukuttan Damodaranb, Kirsten Jörgensen, and Miranda A. Schreur. Climate action in Indian cities: an emerging new research area. Journal of Integrative ENvironmental Sciences, 2016.

    India is the fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gases globally, following China, the United States, and the European Union. Although India still has a low per capita carbon level, due to its large population and growing economy, its share of global greenhouse gas emissions is rising. India is...

  • Cities Provide Transformational Opportunity To Reduce Risk Accumulation
    Cities Provide Transformational Opportunity To Reduce Risk Accumulation. Bangalore: Indian Institute of Human Settlements, 2015.

    This paper is an attempt to analyse the current status of risk in India – how is risk defined, where is it concentrated and what are the current institutional and policy gaps – which if addressed holistically, can build a more resilient society. The primary objective is to identify policy...

  • Cities Provide A Transformational Opportunity To Reduce Risk Accumulation
    Cities Provide A Transformational Opportunity To Reduce Risk Accumulation In Policy Brief. Bangalore: Indian Institute of Human Settlements, 2015.

    India is one of the more vulnerable and high-risk countries in the world. Disaster loss is rising every year with grave consequences for the survival, dignity and livelihood of individuals, particularly the poor, and poses a severe setback to hard-won development gains. Growing concentrations of...

  • Lessons for cyclone Preperation from Hudhud
    Strategies and Lessons for Comparing Better & Strengthening Risk in Coastal Regions of India. New Delhi, India: National Distater Management Authority, Government of India, 2015.

     HUDHUD a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (VSCS) hit the east coast at Vishakhapatnam on 12th Oct, 2014. Although it was not the most severe cyclone that hit the Indian coast, however, it has been the most devastating one in recent times which made landfall in an urban area. Its ‘eye’, lay...

  • Uran solution 7
    Resilience In Urban Solutions, Issue 7. Singapore: Centre for Liveable Cities, 2015.

    “Resilience” is an increasingly common term in recent times. Do we really know what it means?

    Judith Rodin, author of The Resilience Dividend, defines resilience as “the capacity of any entity – an individual, a community, an organisation, or a natural system – to prepare for...

  • Urban Dialogue with Prof Santosh Kumar on (Apr 2015)
    Urban Dialogue with Prof Santosh Kumar on (Apr 2015)
    Disaster Risk Reduction in Urban Scenario: Challenges for South Asia

    The scale of urbanisation in South Asia has already surpassed the provision of infrastructure. The preparedness to cope up and address emergencies are highly short of the desired requirements. Climate change and its impact is further dragging cities into new vortex of risk. The talk by ...

  • State Disaster Management Plan
    Assam State Distater Management Plan. Assam State Disaster Management Authority, 2015.

    Section 23 of the Disaster Management Act 2005 provides that there shall be a Disaster Management Plan for every state. The State Plan shall be prepared by the State Executive Committee and shall be approved by the State Authority. This plan is prepared under the provisions outlined in the...

  • Uttrakhand Disaster management plan
    State Disaster Management Action Plan for the State of Uttarakhand. Disaster Mitigation & Management Centre, Uttarakhand Secretariat, 2015.

    The main vision of this document is to initiate coordinated efforts to have an effective disaster management strategy for the State, which will minimize the impact of future disasters. The ultimate vision is to build safer communities through improved disaster risk management

  • Earthquake mangement plan 1
    Earthquake mangement plan 2
    Earthquake Management Plan. Gandhinagar, India: Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority, 2015.

    Till the 2001 earthquake, whenever a disaster occurred, the State Government had only one document i.e. the Relief Manual for undertaking the relief measures. Contingency Plans were available only for cyclone and flood.

    Now, the State Government has prepared comprehensive State Level...

  • DRR and health
    Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reducation into Health: Strategies, Methodologies & Tools. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Disaster Management, 2015.

    This report examines the two way relationship between heath and disaster. It brings together all health related policies in India. Then it tries to explain how health and diaster can be intergrated. What would be the frameworks, policies and plans that would be required? Further it tries to...

  • ICT for disaster reduction
    City of Calgary: Using Data to Predict and Mitigate Floods. California : OSIsoft, 2015.

    Spring rains and snowmelt pour into the rivers and reservoirs that feed the Calgary’s water supply. As a result, downtown businesses and residents are faced with unpredictable floods that could do millions of dollars of damage. Read in this case study why the city turned to the PI System from...

  • National Mission on Sustainable Habitat: Adaptation and Mitigation Measures In the field of Water Supply & Sanitation
    National Mission on Sustainable Habitat: Adaptation and Mitigation Measures In the field of Water Supply & Sanitation. New Delhi: Ministry of Urban Development, 2014.

    The National Mission on Sustainable Habitat (NMSH) is one of the eight National Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) released by Hon’ble Prime Minister in 2008 to address the issues arising out of climate change viz. adaptation and mitigation. The Central Public...

  • DRR and Housing
    Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction In Housing Sector. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Disaster Management, 2014.

    This report has been prepared in response to the assignment given by the National Institute of Disaster Management to develop strategies/guidelines/tools for mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction in the housing sector in India. The report covers the whole gamut of issues of the housing sector....

  • DRR and Urban Toolkit
    National Disaster Management Toolkit for Urban Planning. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM), 2014.

    The report is the outcome of hard work put in by multidisciplinary team, consisting of, among others, Regional Planners, Urb an Planners, Structural Engineers, Social Scientists and Economists. DDFCL appreciates NIDM for the confidence entrusted on us and provided the opportunity to work on this...

  • Environment and DRR_India
    Sharma, Dr. V. K., and Dr. Anil K. Gupta. Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction in Environment Sector: Guidelines and Tools. National Institute of Disaster Management, 2014.

    This document is an initial step towards building in resilience in the environment sector through the identification and development of appropriate tools.This report is of global concern, It accommodates a number of reported case studies of different countries. It describes how India has taken...

  • DRR in development Planning
    Mainstreaming DRR in Development Planning: Training Module. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Disaster Management, 2014.

    The programme goal is to create a critical mass of champions of mainstreaming DRR in development planning in India at the national and State Government levels.


    • To help the participants know about the global initiatives, experiences and debates in DRR mainstreaming in...

  • urban risk mitigation
    Bandyopadhyay, Chandrani. Training Module on Urban Risk Mitigation. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Disaster Management, 2013.

    The impact of disasters in urban areas is exacerbated by the complexities of urban systems. While cities have provided the momentum of growth to the economy, they have also proved to be extremely vulnerable during disasters, resulting in heavy loss of life and assets.

    The training Module...

  • Cities and flooding
    Jha, Abhas K., Robin Bloch, and Jessica Lamond. Cities and Flooding : A Guide to Integrated Urban Flood Risk Management for the 21st Century. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 2012.

    The guide serves as a primer for decision and policy makers, technical specialists, central, regional and local government officials, and concerned stakeholders in the community sector, civil society and non-governmental organizations, and the private sector. The Guide embodies the state-of-the...

  • Geoinformatics applications Disaster management
    Geoinformatics Applications in Disaster Management: Training Module. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Disaster Management, 2012.

    This training module on Geoinformatics Applications in Disaster Management has been prepared for developing the capacity of technical professionals and disaster managers to optimally use Space Technology, Remote Sensing & GPS, GIS coupled with internet mapping services to manage disasters in...

  • Disaster Resilience
    How To Make Cities More Resilient A Handbook For Local Government Leaders. United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), 2012.

    A contribution to the global campaign 2010-2015 Making Cities Resilient – 'My City is Getting Ready!': 

    This handbook provides mayors, governors, councillors and other local government leaders with a generic framework for risk reduction and points to good practices and tools that...

  • Tsunami Shelter guidelines
    Arya, Anand S., and Ankush Agarwal. Guidelines for Design and Construction of Cyclone/Tsunami Shelters. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, 2006.

    Cyclones are destructive because of their associated long duration high rotatory winds, very heavy rainfall and storm surge. It is more so when they strike coasts of countries/states bordering the North Bay of Bengal. In the past, 21 out of 24 cyclones with large loss of lives (human deaths...