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Smartnet acts as a repository of key reference material like reports, guidelines, model documents, case studies and research on topics relevant to the urban sector. The Smartnet Library has been catalogued based on sectors, sub-sectors and types of documents.
The Library can also be searched using the Advanced Search option for Document Titles, Authors / Organisations and Keywords.

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  • Shivalik Nagar Case Study
    Solid Waste Management Programme in Shivalik Nagar, Haridwar. Indian Tobacco Company (ITC), 2018.

    This is a case study of Shivalik Nagar near Haridwar, a CSR (ITC) supported Solid Waste Management initiative, this initiative that proper initiative to convert the various categories segregated at source into useful products like compost etc., ensures a very high percentage of segregation at...

  • Moving towards zero waste: Lessons for India from sustainable waste management in Swedish Universities

    In this article the author discusses the best practices followed by Stockholm University with regard to waste management in campus and why it is a role model to various universities in developing countries like India. The article outlines how Universities in India can take a leaf out of the...

  • Waste Management
    Mani, Dr. Shyamala. Solid Waste Management: Issues, Challenges, Strategies and Opportunities., 2017.

    The presentation highlights issues and challenges and strategies and opportunities necessary to effectively manage solid waste in India.

  • Bio Waste in India
    Mani, Dr. Shyamala, and Dr. Satpal Singh. A Note on Bio-degradable Waste in India. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA), 2017.

    The note highlights the processes, advantages and constraints of dealing with bio-degradable waste in India.

  • Waste to wealth
    Waste to Wealth In A ready reckoner for selection of technologies for management of municipal waste. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India, 2017.

    This Ready Reckoner on Waste to Wealth is an effort under SBM to put together the available waste processing technologies in a simple way with working case studies for the ULB decision maker’s awareness and in aiding them in identifying technologies suiting to their requirements. With the coming...

  • Making waste work1
    Making waste work2
    Making waste work3
    Making Waste Work. Waste Aid, 2017.

    Making Waste Work is a toolkit for community waste management in lower- and middle-income countries.

    The toolkit provides essential information to help you set up community-led waste management systems and small recycling businesses. These activities can help keep your...

  • Waste Management
    Waste sorting plants Extracting value from waste. International Solid Waste Association (ISWA), 2017.

    The report is an introduction to waste sorting plants. It describes the framework conditions influencing the sorting plant (economically and technically), their technical configuration, and capabilities that should be considered when setting a planning process in motion. The report aims to...

  • Master Plan Zero cities
    The Zero Waste Masterplan: Startup Toolkit In For European city planners, policy-makers & community leaders. Zero Waste Europe, 2017.

    The Masterplan contains all of the information you need to start implementing zero waste projects today

    Map and understand

    This section of the Zero Waste Cities Masterplan is about understanding where your city is right now. Where the existing trends in city planning and management...

  • Solid Waste management
    Pietzsch, Natália, José Luis Duart Ribeiro, and Janine Fleithde Medeiros. Benefits, challenges and critical factors of success for Zero Waste: A systematic literature review. Waste Management, 2017.

    Considering the growing concern with solid wastes problems and the pressing need for a holistic approach to their management, this study developed a literature review about the subject “Zero Waste”. To that end, a systematic literature review was executed, through which 102 published articles...

  • Biogens zero waste
    Veleva, Vesela, Gavin Bodkin, and Svetlana Todorova. The need for better measurement and employee engagement to advance a circular economy: Lessons from Biogen’s “zero waste” journey. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2017.

    The movement toward “zero waste” and circular economy has recently gained traction as an alternative to the dominant “take-make-waste” model of production and as a viable approach for addressing climate change. Business plays a key role in this transition and a growing number of companies are...

  • French city Zero waste case study
    Rosa, Ferran. The Story of Besançon. Zero Waste Europe, 2017.

    Zero Waste Europe released its latest case study on the French city of Besançon, where an extensive system of decentralised composting has been put in place with outstanding results. Today, 70% of the citizens of Besançon...

  • Zero waste Europe
    My Zero Waste Event In 12 Actions To Start A Zero Waste Process. Zero Waste Europe, 2017.

    A zero-waste event is designed to reduce or even eliminate the production of waste and limit the use of raw materials, through different areas of action: Reducing waste at source (because the best waste is still one that isn't there!), reuse, recovery, recycling and composting

  • Zero waste in digital products
    Circular Economy Opportunities For Digital Products. Zero Waste Europe, 2017.

    The joint policy paper by Zero Waste Europe, ECOSEEBIFIXIT and ...

  • Embodied Energy in Zero Waste
    Zero Waste Europe. Embodied Energy: A driver for the circular economy?. Zero Waste Europe, 2017.

    A briefing paper on the use of embodied energy in product policy. The paper looks at the basis for an indicator of the energy which is embodied in a product and how this could be used to reinforce circular economy practice.

  • Plastic Waste Management
    Plastic Waste Management Rules (in Hindi and English)., 2016.

    To give thrust on plastic waste minimization, source segregation, recycling, involving waste pickers, recyclers and waste processors in collection of plastic waste fraction either from households or any other source of its generation or intermediate material recovery facility and adopt polluter’...

  •  E Waste
    E-Waste (Management) Rules. The Gazette of India, 2016.

    These rules shall apply to every manufacturer, producer, consumer, bulk consumer, collection centres, dealers, e-retailer, refurbisher, dismantler and recycler involved in manufacture, sale, transfer, purchase, collection, storage and processing of e-waste or electrical and electronic equipment...

  • Gujarat WTE Policy 2016
    Gujarat Waste to Energy Policy 2016. Gandhinagar, Gujarat: Energy and Petrochemicals Department, Government of Gujarat, 2016.

    Gujarat has 8 municipal corporations and 162 Municipalities and the solid wastes generated in these urban areas could support power plants of around 100 MW capacity. Therefore, the state government has intoduced the Gujarat Waste to Energy Policy- 2016 with the following objectives:

    1) To...

  • C40 Sustainable Solid Waste Systems
    Good Practice Guide - Sustainable Solid Waste Systems. London: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, 2016.

    Solid waste management must be planned, developed and operated within the framework of local resource availability, economics and environmental concerns. Municipal solid waste management strategies can both provide effective mitigation of GHG emissions through landfill gas recovery and improved...

  • Part I: An Overview
    Part II: The Manual
    Part III: The Compendium
    Municipal Solid Waste Management Manual. New Delhi: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2016.

    The revised manual advocates propoer planning and management of Municipal Solid Waste through a seven step approach, advises on how to choose appropriate options for a city based on the amount of waste generated; local waste characteristics; local geographical conditions; availability of land...

  • C & D rules
    Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules., 2016.

    In exercise of the powers conferred by sections 6, 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986), and in supersession of the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000, except as respect things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, the Central...

  • SWM rules 2016
    Solid Waste Management Rules., 2016.

    These rules shall apply to every urban local body, outgrowths in urban agglomerations, census towns as declared by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, notified areas, notified industrial townships, areas under the control of Indian Railways, airports, airbases, Ports and...

  • Cleaning Singapore
    Cleaning a Nation: Cultivating a Healthy Living Environment In Urban Systems Studies. Singapore: Centre for Liveable Cities, 2016.

    The story often told about the cleaning and greening of Singapore is that it was done mainly for the purpose of attracting international business and investments. In the city-state’s early days as a newly independent country in the late 1960s, Singapore’s rapid industrialisation and economic...

  • Prevention of Waste
    Prevention of hazardous waste in Europe - the status in 2015. Copenhagen, Denmark: European Environment Agency (EEA), 2016.

    This publication is part of a series of annual reviews by the European Environment Agency (EEA) of national waste prevention programmes in Europe. The review process covers programmes in the 28 European Union (EU) Member States and three European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Member States,...

  • Including informal sector in Waste
    An Inclusive Swachh Bharat through the Integration of the Informal Recycling Sector: A Step by Step Guide. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India, 2016.

    The intended audience for this manual is practitioners and decision-makers from municipalities and ULBs who are charged with running waste management systems and are interested in improving Chapter 1: Purpose and scope 16 Picture 2: Once shy, now brimming with confidence these systems by...

  • Waste to energy
    World Energy Resources, Waste to Energy. World Energy Council, 2016.

    The World Energy Resources have been produced by the World Energy Council for over 80 years. The details and analysis provide a unique data set that allows governments, private sector and academia to better understand the reality of the energy sector and the resource developments. The...

  • Performance evaluation global waste
    Zaman, Atiq Uz, and Mohammad Shahidul H. Swapan. Performance evaluation and benchmarking of global waste management systems. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2016.

    This paper presents the environmental and economic benefits of global waste management systems in the context of zero waste practices. The study analysed the waste management performance of 168 countries around the globe and evaluated their performance using the zero waste tool. The Zero Waste...

  • Waste Management
    Silva, Angie, Michele Rosano, Laura Stocker, and Leen Gorissen. From waste to sustainable materials management: Three case studies of the transition journey. Waste Management, 2016.

    Waste policy is increasingly moving on from the ‘prevention of waste’ to a ‘sustainable materials policy’ focused agenda recognising individual wastes as a resource. In order to comparatively analyse policy developments in enhanced waste management, three case studies were selected; San...

  • waste policies
    Silva, Angie, Laura Stocker, Paul Mercieca, and Michele Rosano. The role of policy labels, keywords and framing in transitioning waste policy. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2016.

    The last decade has seen a new wave of ambitious policies in order to address the mounting ecological damage caused by high levels of consumerism and the depletion of resources to manufacture short life-cycle products. In this paper ‘Zero Waste’ and ‘Sustainable Materials Management’ are...

  • Zero waste Europe
    Rosa, Ferran, and Laura Chatel. The Story OF Roubaix. Zero Waste Europe, 2016.

    Zero Waste Europe was created to empower communities to rethink their relationship with resources. In a growing number of regions, local groups of individuals, businesses and city officials are taking significant steps towards eliminating waste in our society

    Lacking the power to...

  • Zero Waste Pharma
    Rosa, Ferran. The Story of Parma. Zero Waste Europe, 2016.

    Zero Waste Europe was created to empower communities to rethink their relationship with resources. In a growing number of regions, local groups of individuals, businesses and city officials are taking significant steps towards eliminating waste inour society.

    In the North of Italy, the...

  • Energy
    User Guide for India’s 2047 Energy Calculator: Municipal Waste to Energy. Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), 2016.

    IESS 2047 shows four levels for development of municipal waste to energy, over 2012-2047 for urban as well as rural areas of India. The MSW generation rates and change in its characteristics across the years are based on estimated growth rate of India’s urban and rural population and also...

  • Action Plan for MSW Management
    Action Plan for management of Municipal Solid Waste (Draft). New Delhi, India: Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), 2015.

    It has been a fact that cities and towns are littered with garbage (MSW) and giving ugly look at many places in the city / town. Only important locations of a city or towns are maintained and leaving many other places chocking with uncollected waste. The collected waste is disposed on un-...

  • Urban Solid Waste Management
    Urban Solid Waste Management In Compendium of Global Good Practices. New Delhi: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2015.

    This documentation targets the limitations and challenges of contemporary solid waste management mechanisms in developing contexts, namely:

    1. Low financial resources at municipal level for waste management and technological research;

    2. Improper disposal of waste leading to...

  • Urban Solid Waste Management in Indian Cities
    Urban Solid Waste Management in Indian Cities In Compendium of Good Practices. New Delhi: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2015.

    Urban areas in India generate more than 1,00,000 MT of waste per day (CPHEEO, 2000). A large metropolis such as Mumbai generates about 7000 MT of waste per day (MCGM, 2014), Bangalore generates about 5000 MT (BBMP, 2014) and other large cities such as Pune and Ahmedabad generate waste in the...

  • elearning
    E-Learning Portal for Swachh Bharat (Urban)., 2015.

    One of the key objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission is to ensure its sustainability by strengthening the capacities of the stakeholders, by familiarizing them with new concepts in the field of sanitation and waste management.This portal draws from the leading practices in sanitation sector...

  • Model Request for Proposal for Waste to Energy Projects
    Model RFP for Development of Municipal Waste to Energy Projects under BOT Concession Framework . New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2015.

    Ministry of Urban Development is the implementing agency of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) in urban India. SBM emanates from the vision of the Government for ensuring hygiene, waste management, and sanitation across the nation and aims for a Clean India under a collaborative framework of...

  • waste policies
    UzZaman, Atiq. A comprehensive review of the development of zero waste management: lessons learned and guidelines. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2015.

    Zero waste is a visionary concept for confronting waste problems in our society. The idea is being developed and implemented in various sectors including waste management and treatment, mining, manufacturing, and urban development. The zero waste concept has been embraced by...

  • Task Force report on Waste To Energy
    Report of the Task Force on Waste to Energy (Volume I) ( In the context of Integrated MSW Management)., 2014.

    The purpose of this report is to identify technically feasible, financially affordable and environmentally sound processing and disposal technologies for Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and assess, evaluate and recommend systems, processes, technological options, financial mechanisms and...

  • Bio-Digesters: An Eco-Friendly Solution for Human Waste Management

    Human waste disposal in innocuous form is an ever growing problem leading to aesthetic nuisance, threat of organic pollution & several infectious diseases in epidemic proportions due to contamination of ground water and drinking water resources in highly populated and developing countries,...

  • Zero waste for an English Local Authority
    Cole, Christine, Mohamed Osmani, Mohammed Quddus, Andrew Wheatley, and Kath Kay. Towards a Zero Waste Strategy for an English Local Authority. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2014.

    Many developed countries are using a challenging Zero Waste concept to change current waste management practices to more sustainable methods of managing waste, including household waste. The concept includes waste prevention; high levels of recycling and recovery of all resources from waste; and...

  • Simon, Joan Marc. The Story of Contraina. Zero Waste Europe, 2014.

    The public company Contarina serves the districts of Priula and Treviso in Northern Italy, the best performers in waste prevention and recycling in a wide area in Europe. What is the secret for Contarina to recycle two times the European average and generate five times less residual waste?...

  • Zero Waste Index
    Zaman, Atiq Uz, and Steffen Lehmann. The zero waste index: a performance measurement tool for waste management systems in a ‘zero waste city’. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2013.

    Waste is the symbol of inefficiency of any modern society and a representation of misallocated resources. Significant progress has been achieved in reducing waste but it varies from city to city. Currently, cities use their waste diversion rate as a tool to measure the performance of their waste...

  • Zero waste case study LA
    Murphy, Sinnott, and Stephanie Pincetl. Zero waste in Los Angeles: Is the emperor wearing any clothes?. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2013.

    This article asks how effectively and to what extent contemporary urban solid waste management systems can effect sustainable materials use. To assess this we first trace the origins of waste management in the U.S., identify the existing federal regulatory framework, and examine trends in waste...

  • Small scale waste to Energy
    Ellyin, Claudine. Small Scale Waste-To-Energy Technologies, Edited by Prof. Nickolas J. Themelis. Columbia University, 2012.

    The dominant technology for large Waste-to-Energy (WTE) facilities is combustion on a moving grate of “as-received” municipal solid wastes (MSW). However, there are circumstances where a low-capacity plant is required. This study examines the technical, economic, and  environmental aspects of...

  • zero waste in industries
    Curran, T., and I.D. Williams. A zero waste vision for industrial networks in Europe. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2011.

    ‘ZeroWIN’ (Towards Zero Waste in Industrial Networks – is a five year project running 2009–2014, funded by the EC under the 7th Framework Programme. Project ZeroWIN envisions industrial networks that have eliminated...

  • waste strategies England
    S.Phillips, Paul, Terry Tudor, Helen Bird, and Margaret Bates. A critical review of a key Waste Strategy Initiative in England: Zero Waste Places Projects 2008–2009. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2011.

    In 2007, in England, the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) published Waste Strategy 2007 for England. To help drive the required behaviour change for increased sustainable practice the Government in England signalled up in the Strategy the intention to launch a Zero Waste...

  • SWM in India
    Zhu,Da, Asnani, P.U, Zurbrügg,Chris, Anapolsky,Sebastian, and Shyamala Mani. Improving Municipal Solid Waste Management in India. Washington DC: The World Bank, 2008.

    Solid Waste Management (SWM) is a matter of great concern in the urban areas of developing countries.  The book lucidly present scenario of SWM in urban areas, the system deficiencies that exist, and the steps that need to be taken to correct SWM practices in compliance with Municipal Solid...