The revised manual advocates propoer planning and management of Municipal Solid Waste through a seven step approach, advises on how to choose appropriate options for a city based on the amount of waste generated; local waste characteristics; local geographical conditions; availability of land and other relevant criteria. The holistic approach adopted in the Manual focuses on technical, institutional, financial and legal aspects of waste management. It also introduces the concept of State and Regional strategies, Regional landfill facilities, capacity building and handholding support to ULBs by the States/Central Government. The Manual has the following structure and addresses different target groups in its different sections: Part I: An overview, provides the salient features of the MSWM Manual especially for decision makers, elected office bearers, and senior bureaucrats at different levels of governance. It provides decision makers with an overview on key issues of MSWM and promotes understanding of challenges and opportunities, thereby guiding them in initiating necessary processes to achieve goals. Part II: The Manual, this is the main body of the manual and is primarily for the financial and technical heads of department at ULB level, health officers, technical staff, and private operators. This section provides a detailed description of technologies for treatment and processing of waste, applicability of evolving technologies, and planning frameworks to undertake concrete measures towards institutional strengthening and financial management leading to sustainable MSWM. Part III: The Compendium, this comprises of national rules and guidelines, international practices on waste minimisation, detailed description and designs of compost plants and landfill. A sample state strategy on integrated municipal solid waste management from former Andhra Pradesh is also included. Part III of the manual is primarily for the operational staff, private operators, experts and training institutes, who need to understand in detail the different rules and design specifications for taking the informed decisions or for guidance.