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Smartnet acts as a repository of key reference material like reports, guidelines, model documents, case studies and research on topics relevant to the urban sector. The Smartnet Library has been catalogued based on sectors, sub-sectors and types of documents.
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  • Municipal Finance Case Study Pune
    Kumar, Kunal, Ulka Kalaskar, Kunal Mandwale, and Prasad Thakur. Pune’s Pathbreaking Success in the Municipal Bond Market: A Case Study. Pune Municipal Corporation, 2018.

    This book is an attempt to consolidate and share Pune Municipal Corporation’s experiences and learnings from one of its seminal endeavors, namely, the launch of India’s largest municipal bonds program envisaged to continue for the next 15 years. Through this publication, I take the opportunity...

  • Urban Development of India
    Shenvi, Apoorva, and Ron H. Slangen. Enabling Smart Urban Redevelopment in India through Floor Area Ratio Incentives. Asian Development Bank, 2018.

    Urbanization in India is expected to peak in 2050. The Smart Cities Mission was launched in 2015 to transform and improve livability in urban areas in the country.

    Rapid urbanization puts tremendous stress on Indian cities. In the last 2 decades, India’s urban population...

  • State Finances
    State Finances a Study of Budgets Of 2017-18 And 2018-19. Reserve Bank of India (RBI), 2018.

    The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) brings out an annual publication entitled “State Finances: A Study of Budgets” which analyses the fiscal position of state governments on the basis of primary state level data. In a break from the past, this issue eliminates the lag in data availability by...

  • Advisory No 8 Merchant Banker
    Advisory No. 8: Engagement of Merchant Banker. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2017.

    To provide support to the Smart Cities in issuance of Municipal Bond, MoUD under the CBUD programme of World Bank is funding their Credit Rating. A panel of Transaction Advisors has also been prepared and circulated by MoUD vide OM No. K.14012/101(16)-SCM-III-V dated 24th October 2016. These...

  • Transforming India 2030
    Joshi, Ravikant. "Transforming India 2030 – Financing Strategies for achieving Sustainable Cities." In Conference on Transforming India 2030: Strategies for Sustainable Development Goals., 2017.

    With the help of available literature, this research paper attempts to examine critically how India has financed its Cities in the past, how it is currently financing its Cities and how it will be financing its Cities in near future going by past and present trends. Such an examination is...

  • Financing for Development
    Financing for Development
    Financing for Development: Unlocking Investment Opportunities

    In this international development finance course, you will learn about the critical role of the private sector and the use of finance, including innovative solutions to fund the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) , to help meet the World Bank Group goals of ending poverty and boosting shared...

  • OM: Transaction Advisory
    Office Memoradum: Empanelment of Transaction Advisory Firms for the assignment "Providing Technical Assistance to Urban Local Bodies in issuing Municipal Bonds for Smart City Projects". In Office Memorandum. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2016.

    Smart Cities Mission Guideline No.10.1 envisages that the States/ULBs shall ensure that a substantial rvenue stream is made available to the Special Purpose Vehicles so as to make them financially self-reliant. One way to do this is to enable ULBs to float bonds in order to access external...

  • Model RFP for Selecting Consulting Services for Improvement in Property Tax Collections
    Model Request for Proposal (RFP) for Selection of Consulting Services for Municipal Tax and Fee Improvement- Improvement in Property Tax Collections. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India, 2016.

    Improvement of Property Tax Collection is a key Reform under AMRUT. In order to assist in implementation of the reform, the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) empanels agencies and the States / Cities have to select agencies for implementation. Accordingly, the Ministry of Urban Development...

  • Model RFP for Technical Assistance in Revenue for Advertisement Tax
    Model Request for Proposal (RfP) for Empanelment of Consulting Firms for Providing Technical Assistance to selected Smart Cities in Improvement of Revenue from Advertisement Tax. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India, 2016.

    Improving revenue from Advertisement Tax is a key AMRUT Reform. Specifically, achieving full potential of advertisement revenue by making a policy for destination specific potential having dynamic pricing module is a milestone to be completed under AMRUT. The Ministry of Urban Development has...

  • McKinsey Bridging Global Infrastructure Gaps (in Brief)
    Bridging Global Infrastructure Gaps (In Brief). McKinsey&Company, 2016.

    More than three years ago, the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) published a comprehensive report evaluating the world’s future infrastructure needs. We found that while trillions of dollars in annual investment will be required well into the future just to keep up with expected rates of growth, a...

  • McKinsey Bridging Global Infrastructure Gaps
    Bridging Global Infrastructure Gaps (Full Report). McKinsey & Company, 2016.

    More than three years ago, the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) published a comprehensive report evaluating the world’s future infrastructure needs. We found that while trillions of dollars in annual investment will be required well into the future just to keep up with expected rates of growth, a...

  • Creditworthiness
    Good Practice Guide - Creditworthiness. London: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, 2016.

    A number of C40 cities do not have a credit rating or access to international capital and therefore face challenges in making climate-related and other investments that drive economic growth and sustainable development. The C40 Creditworthiness Network helps cities break through these barriers...

  • Humanity on the move: Unlocking the transformative power of cities
    Chair), Hans Joachim Sc, and Dirk Messner( Chair). Humanity on the move: Unlocking the transformative power of cities. Berlin, Germany: German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU), 2016.

    The momentum of urbanization and its impacts are so massive that we must face up to this trend. In view of the existing cognitive, technical, economic and institutional path dependencies, a policy of business as usual – i.e. an unstructured, quasi-automatic urbanization – would lead to a non-...

  • Municipal Finances - A Learning Program for Local Governments (Facilitated)

    About this course: From Detroit to Lahore, most cities around the world are facing financing challenges. Bankruptcy, budget deficits, unmaintained infrastructure, declining quality of services and increasing urban poverty are unfortunately too common headlines. At the same time...

  • Delivering a Sustainable Financial System in India
    Delivering a Sustainable Financial System in India., 2016.

    Financing India’s goals for inclusive and sustainable growth requires the mobilization of additional lowcost, long-term capital. Raising incomes for the 800 million people living on less than US$2 per day, generating livelihoods for the 12 million people entering the workforce every year and...

  • Annual Report
    Balotra Nagar Parishad - Annual Report 2015-16., 2016.

    Annual report for Balotra Nagar Parishad 2015-16 was unveiled, keeping in view the town with an population of 100k, it would be a template for other Parishad to follow.

    The city of Balotra, the commercial capital of the state of Rajasthan, is known for its strength to convert adversity...

  • Annual Report
    Udaipur Municipal Corporation: Annual Report 2015-16., 2016.

    Udaipur Annual Report was also unveiled keeping in view the bigger cities, and Udaipur was chosen keeping in view that it was covered under smart cities mission as well.

  • OM Credit Rating
    Office Memorandum: Credit Ratings of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) In Office Memorandum. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, 2015.

    The OM directs that the States/UTs may procure a Credit Rating Agency by issuing RFP to the accredited Credit Rating Agencies for financial bid. A model RFP for the procurement has been uploaded on the websites of www.smartcities.gov.in and...

  • AMRUT Mission Statement and Guidelines
    AMRUT Mission Statement and Guidelines In AMRUT Mission Guidelines. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India, 2015.

    The purpose of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is to (i) ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection; (ii) increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g....

  • Urban Reforms in Indian Cities
    Urban Reforms in Indian Cities In Compendium of Good Practices. New Delhi: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2015.

    Reforms play a key role in defining a nation’s macro-economic vision and facilitating momentum to it. Reforms in the urban sector are not new in India, and during the last two decades, a number of initiatives to implement them have been undertaken in the country. At the city level, reforms are...

  • Innovation Fridays: Smart Financing - Innovative Financing Mechanisms for Smart Cities
    Innovation Fridays: Smart Financing - Innovative Financing Mechanisms for Smart Cities
    Innovation Fridays: Smart Financing - Innovative Financing Mechanisms for Smart Cities

    The India Smart Cities Challenge is a competition for municipal leaders and their partners to promote economic opportunity in India, improve governance, and produce better results for urban residents.

    In this webinar, participating cities hear from OP Agarwal, well-known expert in urban...

  • Financing guide for cities
    Smart Cities Financing Guide. Smart Cities Council, 2015.

    Cities everywhere are challenged by congestion, pollution, crime, aging infrastructure, falling budgets and many other issues. They need new strategies and new technologies to address those challenges. Certainly smart technologies are a solution. But they come with a price tag. Fortunately,...

  • Model Request for Proposal for Credit Ratings of ULBs

    This Model RFP has been prepared to assist cities in preparing RFPs for enabling Credit Ratings for cities so as to facilitate leveraging by ULBs from multiple sources including the capital markets, the commercial term loan market and private sector through creation of National Municipal Credit...

  • Guidelines on Accounting and Audit Reforms
    Guidelines for Accounting and Audit Reforms in Urban Local Bodies., 2015.

    Janaagraha in collaboration with the Department of Local Self-Government, Govt of Rajasthan as per the MoU, has published Guidelines on Accounting and Audit reforms in ULBs.

    On 11th May 2015, Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship & Democracy (Janaagraha) signed an MoU with the Department...

  • Municipal Finances in India
    Joshi, Ravikant, Megha Jain, and Satpal Singh. Municipal Finances in India – Unresolved Issues and Way Forward In Cities – 21st Century . Bookwell - Delhi, 2015.

    This paper on Municipal Finances in India - Issues and Way Forward is a part of published book 'Cities - 21st Century. it takes stock of all existing issues associated with the municipal finances in India.

  • Task Force report on Waste To Energy
    Report of the Task Force on Waste to Energy (Volume I) ( In the context of Integrated MSW Management)., 2014.

    The purpose of this report is to identify technically feasible, financially affordable and environmentally sound processing and disposal technologies for Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and assess, evaluate and recommend systems, processes, technological options, financial mechanisms and...

  • financing Singapore
    Financing a City: Developing Foundations for Sustainable Growth In Urban Systems Studies. Singapore: Centre for Liveable Cities, 2014.

    The early years of self-government in Singapore were focused on building physical infrastructure for economic and social development, while improvements and expansions to housing, health, education and sewerage systems had to keep pace with a fast-growing population. In financing these projects...

  • Self Employment_MoHUPA
    Self Employment Programme: Operational Guideline. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, 2013.

    This component will focus on financial assistance to individuals/groups of urban poor for setting up gainful self-employment ventures/ micro-enterprises, suited to their skills, training, aptitude and local conditions. The component will also support Self Help Groups (SHGs) of urban poor to...

  • Land Based Fiscal Tools Study
    Phatak, Vidyadhar K.. Land Based Fiscal Tools and Practices for Generating Additional Financial Resources., 2013.

    Cities are known to be engines of economic growth. Efficiency of these engines depends upon the infrastructure services available and the way in which they are financed. HPEC and The Working Group on Urban Development for the Twelfth Five-Year Plan have recognised land based fiscal tools as a...

  • Planning, Connecting, and Financing Cities
    ,
    Planning, Connecting and Financing Cities
    Lall, Somik V.. Planning, Connecting, and Financing Cities—Now: Priorities for City Leaders. Washington DC: The World Bank, 2012.

    This report lays down policy framework and diagnostic tools  that  enables the  cities to prevent any loss of physical and social structures, including: improving living conditions, especially in slums and hazard-prone areas; bridging the divided cities (inclusion); expanding the coverage and...

  • Life Cycle Cost Analysis
    Life Cycle Cost Analysis of Five Urban Transport Systems., 2012.

    The choice of the Urban Transport System is the key decision point for cities, states and the central government. It is most relevant because different classes of cities and different corridors in the same city require different public transport solutions. The country has so far failed to...

  • HPEC Report on Indian Urban Infrastructure and Services
    Report on Indian Urban Infrastructure and Services., 2011.

    In the coming decades, the urban sector will play a critical role in the structural transformation of the Indian economy and in sustaining the high rates of economic growth. Ensuring high quality public services for all in the cities and towns of India is an end in itself, but it will also...

  • HPEC Report and Recommendations
    Ahluwalia, Dr. Isher Judg. HPEC Report and Recommendations., 2011.

    This presentation provides a summary of the Findings and Recommendations of the Report on Indian Urban Infrastructure and Services which argues that the challenge of managing urbanisation will have to be addressed through a combination of increased investment, strengthening the framework for...

  • Managing urban land guide
    ,
    Managing urban land guide
    Urban Landmark Resources: Managaing Urban Land - A Guide for municipal practioners. Tshwane, South Africa: Urban LandMark, 2011.

    Urban land markets have a profound effect on how well poor households are able to access the jobs, amenities and services offered in the city. But often the way in which this market works frustrate attempts to open up better located living and business opportunities for poorer urban households...

  • Planning Commission_Financing_urbanization
    Report of the Working Group on Financing Urban Infrastructure. Planning Commission, Government of India, 2011.

    Urbanization has emerged as a key policy and governance challenge in India in recent years. While urban development accelerates the process of economic growth, it can also make growth more inclusive too. Since faster economic growth and inclusive growth are likely to be the objectives of 12th...

  • The Urban Development Investment Corporations (Udics) In Chongqing, China
    The Urban Development Investment Corporations (UDICs) In Chongqing, China In Technical Assistance Report. Washington DC: The World Bank, 2010.

    Urban Development Investment Corporations (UDICs) have over the years become the central pillar in the local government drive to build infrastructure in China, where local governments are not allowed to engage in direct market borrowing. UDICs were established during the early 1990s when local...

  • ADB Urban Vision
    Choe, K., A. Laquian, and H. Kim. Urban Development Experience and Visions: India and the people's Republic of China. Manila, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2008.

    This report summarizes the discussions that took place on 8- 16 November 2007 at an Asian Development Bank - sponsored workshop on Urban Development Experience of the PRC and India with Private Sector Participation. The workshop was held in the People's Republic of China, where high-level...

  • Report of the Twelfth Finance Commission (2005-2010)
    Report of the Twelfth Finance Commission (2005-2010). New Delhi: Government of India, 2004.

    The President vide the notification dated 1st November, 2002 (annexure 1.1) mandated the Commission to do the following: “4. The Commission shall make recommendations as to the following matters:-

    (i) the distribution between the Union and the States of the net proceeds of taxes which are...

  • Private Investment: Korea
    Park, Dr. Kyungchul. Private Investment in Infrastructure Provision In A Primer on Korean Planning and Policy, Edited by Dr. Hajung Yoon. Vol. 9. Seoul, Republic of Korea: Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements (KRIHS), 2003.

    A Private Financial Initiative (PFI) project is defined as a project which encourages the private sector to invest in developing/operating infrastructure (such as roads, harbors, railroads, schools and environmental facilities) or Social Overhead Capital (SOC) that are traditionally built and...

  • Model Municipal Law
    Specimen Municipal Law for Municipalities in India., 2003.

    In order to bring certain uniformity in this scenario and to establish certain minimum conditions of ULB management, the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), Government of India has finalized a Model Municipal Law (MML) of India in October 2003. The basic objectives of the MML are to implement...

  • Part I
    ,
    Part II
    Joshi, Dr. Ravikant. A Case for Reform: How a Municipal Body can pursue its Municipal Budgetary Reforms, Edited by Piyush Kumar Vajpayee. Vol. 1. Yuva Publications, 2002.

    Part I and Part II of Book / Toolkit in Hindi on How a municipal body can pursue its Municipal Budgetary Reforms.

  • Report of The Eleventh Finance Commission on the Additional Terms of Reference (for 2000-2005)
    Report of The Eleventh Finance Commission on the Additional Terms of Reference (for 2000-2005) In Report of The Eleventh Finance Commission (for 2000-2005). New Delhi: Government of India, 2000.

    The Ministry of Finance has stated that the added ToR contains two parts for the consideration of this Commission in order to advance fiscal reforms at the State level. One, the Commission should identify measures which are monitorable and are aimed at reduction of revenuew deficits of the...

  • Report of The Eleventh Finance Commission (for 2000-2005)
    Report of The Eleventh Finance Commission (for 2000-2005). New Delhi: Government of India, 2000.

    The Eleventh Finance Commission was constituted on 3rd July, 1998 with the mandate to give its report by 31st December, 1999 covering the five year period 2000-2005. This Commission, for the first time, was required to review the state of the finances of the Union and the States and suggest ways...

  • VMC Budget Reforms
    Joshi, Dr. Ravikant. Municipal Budgetary and Financial Control Reforms: A Success Story of Vadodara Municipal Corporation In Success Story., 1992.

    This case study documents success story of budgetary reforms carried out by Vadodara Municipal Corporation way back in 1992 which even today most of the municipal bodies of India have not pursued.