In terms of the future growth of energ and related greenhouse gas emissions, China and India stand out from other countries, due to their rapid economic development, large size, high population combined with rapid urbanisation, and large industrial sectors. While paying necessary attention to the fact that economic growth is essential for reducing poverty and unemployment, and achieving other developmental goals, both countries have focussed on decoupling energ use from economic growth, which in turn decouples greenhouse gas emissions from economic growth.
In their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions submitted under the Paris Agreement, both countries have included strategies to pursue improved energ efciency across the main sectors of their economies. The High Impact Opportunities studies that UNEP DTU Partnership has supported in China and India is an eﬀort to engage national stakeholders, research institutions and practitioners in the identifcation of good practices and the necessary priorities for enhancing energ efciency in the future. The Report on Good Practices and Success Stories on Energ Efciency in India assesses what has been achieved so far in diﬀerent key sectors. Te study documents a variety of approaches that have succeeded across sectors. In a majority of cases, policies and regulations have been used to promote a technology. However, using policies to create a level playing feld for diﬀerent technologies has also been successful. Te replication of these successes in India has been very positive so far but can be further scaled up. Moreover, these experiences can be used in other developing countries.