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Making Cities Open Defecation Free: Systematic Approach in Maharastra

In Maharashtra, nearly one in three urban households do not have a toilet on premise. This was due to constrains related to space, finance, tenure, building permission, lack of awareness etc. Since the launchof Swachh Maharashtra Mission, Urban (SMMU) in 2015 by Government of Maharashtra, the focus has been on encouraging use of toilets than just constructing toilets . While guidelines and directives are in place at the Central as well as State level, the process of implementing such a program in urban areas needs to be more clearly spelt out.
This handbook seeks to address this gap by focusing on the planning and implementation of making cities ODF.

The handbook explicates objectives of SMMU and a roadmap for achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) Cities envisaged under the mission. It also compiles various innovative initiatives and actions taken by ULBs in Maharashtra to facilitate implementation of mission at the Urban Local Body (ULB) level. This handbook is intended to be a reference guide for all ULBs, state governments and other partners engaged in Swachh Bharat Mission.