The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by the Prime Minister on 2nd October 2014, focuses on promoting cleanliness in public spaces. Public health care facilities are a major mechanism of social protection to meet the health care needs of large segments of the population. Cleanliness and hygiene in hospitals are critical to preventing infections and also provide patients and visitors with a positive experience and encourages moulding behaviour related to clean environment. As the first principle of healthcare is “to do no harm” it is essential to have our health care facilities clean and to ensure adherence to infection control practices. Swachhta Guidelines for Public Health Facilities are being issued separately. To complement this effort, the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India is launching a National Initiative to give Awards to those public health facilities that demonstrate high levels of cleanliness, hygiene and infection control.