Water stress has become a perennial concern in most Indian cities. India is expected to add approximately 404 million new urban dwellers between 2015 and 2050. This rapid urban growth will be linked with higher industrial output and greater energy demand, thus adding to the urban water stress. Institutionalising the reuse of treated wastewater can help utilities in addressing this challenge in an effective manner.
There is a need for developing wastewater reuse as a sector, identifying the interventions that could help in the development of this sector and also identifying suitable structures that can help in mainstreaming the implementation of wastewater reuse projects in the country.
According to a PwC report – “Closing the water loop: Reuse of treated wastewater in urban India”, the situation warrants utilities and the government to ensure optimal use of available water resources while duly addressing the social, economic and commercial considerations.