Location information can provide valuable insight that smart cities can use to improve the lives of citizens. The Open Geospatial Consortium Smart Cities Spatial Information Framework provides guidance on planning and implementing open spatial standard architectures, which are key to driving interoperability and efficiency in GIS projects.
The white paper can serve as the foundation of a special information framework that is based on open standards, including OGC CityGML, IndoorGML, Moving Features, and Augmented Reality Markup Language 2.0. It discusses mobile location communication, 3D urban models, building information models, indoor navigation, augmented reality and sensor webs. It also talks about how changes in the industry, such as the widespread use of XML and the increasing use of RESTful programming should factor into planning.