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FSM manual FSM manual

Non-conventional sewerage services: When to choose this option, how to implement this solution

Non-conventional sewerage options have been implemented across the world over the last few decades, not only using diverse technological options and management methods, but also in a wide range of contexts and on different scales. A large number of examples can now be found and this solution is attracting growing interest from sanitation stakeholders and their cooperation partners, particularly in Africa.

The aim of this guide is to help contracting authorities and their partners develop sanitation services by providing them with information to aid their decision-making and a methodological framework for implementing these decisions.This manual is prepared with a motive of providing a prac tical guidance to assess and plan for fecal sludge management, where onsite sanitation is being practiced.