The development of a smart city requires participation, input, ideas and expertise from a wide range of stakeholders. Public governance is naturally critical, but participation from the private sector and citizens of the community are equally important. It also requires a proper balance of
interests to achieve the objectives of both the city and the community at large. This White Paper proposes a number of answers on the what, who and how of smart city development. It calls for a wider collaboration between international standardization bodies that will ultimately lead to more integrated, efficient, cheaper, and environmentally friendly solutions.