In response to growing concerns about air pollution and climate change cities around the world have been trying for electrification of mobility. India is also working in this direction. Given India’s energy targets – 175 GW of renewables, and climate targets; 40% of power plants powered by non-fossil fuels, the Government of India recently announced its electric mobility vision 2030. It aspires for a nation with 100 per cent Electric Vehicles (EVs) by 2030.
The public transport and IPT sector provides the easiest opportunity to accelerate the shift towards electricmobility. Currently, India has one of the highest percentages of public transport use in the world, averagingto almost 25% (excluding non-motorized transport) across major cities. Additionally the IPT sector dominated by three-wheelers, makes up 11% of the mode share. Therefore, successful pilot to promote the electrification of the IPT sector will tend to have an overreaching replication impact throughout Indian Cities.
In above context, the CapaCITIES project, assisted Udaipur Municipal Corporation in developing and implementing a pilot to evaluate the technical capacity and workability of E-rickshaws in the context of Udaipur. The report includes summary of results from this initial E-rickshaw pilot in Udaipur along with assessment of E-rickshaw operations in city of Delhi and Siliguri. It summaries' the practical, technical, infrastructural, market, and policy related barriers in the electrification of IPT sector in Indian cities