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Enhancing Energy Efficiency in India: Assessment of Sectoral Potentials

In terms of the future growth of energy and related greenhouse gas emissions, China and India stand out from other countries, due to their rapid economic development, large populations, rapid urbanization and growing industrial sectors. Both countries are focused on decoupling both energy use and emissions from economic growth. In their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions submitted under the Paris Agreement, both countries have included strategies to pursue improved energy efficiency across the main sectors of their economies.

This report is a part of the China and India Energy Efficiency report series that emerged from the High Impact Opportunities studies supported by the UNEP DTU Partnership in China and India. In India, the study was carried out by the Indian Institute of Ahmedabad (IIMA) and Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), New Delhi. The other two reports published on India are Best Practice and Success Stories on Energy Efficiency in India, and High Impact Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in India. All the reports can be downloaded for free at

This report, Enhancing Energy efficiency in India: Assessment of sectoral potentials, presents a model based assessment of the potential for improvements in energy efficiency in key sectors of the Indian economy. It also identifies a set of short, medium and long term High Impact Opportunities for energy efficiency, which in combination with various technological options and policies, have potential to provide required future energy services much more efficiently. The process of identification of HIOs included stakeholders’ consultation and experts opinions on the potential for scaling up the identified technological and policy options.