India is implementing one of the World’s largest programme in renewable energy. The country ranks second in biogas utilization.
Biogas can be generated and supplied round the clock in contrast to solar and wind, which are intermittent in nature. Biogas plants provide three-in-one solution of gaseous fuel generation, organic manure production and wet biomass waste disposal/management.
When biomass is subjected to combustion/gasification process, it ends up in the destruction of biomass and only ash is left after extraction of energy. Therefore, the bio-methanation process of converting biomass into gaseous fuel is superior and a sustainable process that needs to be preferred for such biomass materials that can be processed in biogas plants.