This report begins with a review of the policy and scholarly literature on rental housing. It then explains the research methodology of this study. The subsequent section provides a detailed discussion on the demographic, economic, political, and housing and planning-related aspects of Guwahati to set the urban and regional context for the research. The next two sections examine and analyse housing submarkets in Guwahati and the processes and characteristics of supply and demand of rental housing in them. Following this, we discuss various determinants of rental housing in Guwahati to understand both the extent of rental housing as well as the types of rental housing found in the city. In conclusion, we summarize the findings of the research and discuss potential policy directions.